Hỏi đáp môn Tiếng anh | Học trực tuyến

Hỏi đáp môn Tiếng anh

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In the United States, it is important to be on time , or punctual , for an appointment , a class, a meeting, etc. However, this may not be true in all countries. An American professor discovered the difference while teaching a class in a Brazilian university. The two-hour class was scheduled to begin at 10 A.M. and end at 12. On the first day , when the professor arrived on time, no one was in the classroom. Many students came after 10:30 A.M. Two students came after 11 A.M. Although all the students greeted the professor as they arrived, few apologized for their lateness.Were these students being rude? He decided to study the students’ behavior.
The professor talked to American and Brazilian students about lateness in both an informal and a formal situation:at a lunch with a friend and in a university class, respectively.He gave them an example and asked them how they would react, If they had a lunch appointment with a friend,the average American student defined lateness as 19 minutes after the agreed time,On the other hand.the average Brazilian student felt the friend was late after 33 minutes.
In an American university, students are expected to arrive at the appointed hour.In contrast, in Brazil,neither the teacher nor the students always arrive at the appointed hour.Classes not only begin at the scheduled time in the United States,but also end at the scheduled time.In the Brazilian class, only a few students left the class at 12:00;many remained past 12:30 to discuss the class and ask more questions.While arriving late may not be very important in Brazil , neither is staying late.

The explanation for these differences is complicated. People from Brazilian and North American cultures have different feelings about lateness. In Brazil, the students believe that a person who usually arrives late is probably more successful than a person who is always on time. In fact , Brazilians expect a person with status or prestige to arrive late, while in the United States lateness is usually disrespectful and unacceptable. Consequently, if a Brazilian is late for an appointment with a North American, the American may misinterpret the reason for the lateness and become angry.

As a result of his study, the professor learned that the Brazilian students were not being disrespectful to him. Instead, they were simply behaving in the appropriate way for a Brazilian student in Brazil. Eventually, the professor was able to adapt his own behavior so that he could feel comfortable in the new.

I. Comprehension Questions:

1. What did the profressor decide to study? Who did the profressor study? How did he study them?

2. Did American students and Brazilian students have the same ideas about lateness in class? Do classes always begim and end at the appointed hour for both cultures?

3. What were the American students' and the Brazinlian students' ideas about being late for a lunch appointment?

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MODAL VERBS

Exercise 1. Put in „can‟ / „can‟t‟ / „could‟ / „couldn‟t‟. If none is possible, use „be able to‟ in the correct tense:

1. you swim when you were 10?

2. We get to the meeting on time yesterday because the train was delayed by one hour.

3. He arrive at the party on time, even after missing the train, so he was very pleased.

4. He’s amazing, he speak 5 languages including Chinese.

5. I _ drive a car until I was 34, then I moved to the countryside so I had to learn.

6. I looked everywhere for my glasses but I find them anywhere.

7. I searched for your house for ages, luckily I find it in the end.

8. She’s 7 years old but she read yet – her parents are getting her extra lessons.

9. I read the book three times but I understand it.

10. James speak Japanese when he lived in Japan, but he’s forgotten most of it now.

11. I _ understand the chapter we had to read for homework. It was so difficult.

12. I _ lift this box – it’s too heavy! Would you help me?

13. Lucy make it to our meeting after all. She’s stuck in traffic at the moment.

14. John play tennis really well. He’s champion of his club.

15. Unfortunately, I really sing at all! No-one in my family is musical either.

16. When the car broke down I was really pleased because I solve the problem.

17. Julian play excellent golf when he was only ten.

18. My grandmother use a computer until last month. Since then, she’s been taking lessons at the library.

19. I _ open this window. I think it’s stuck!

20. Gill play the piano. She’s never studied it.

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Có thể giúp mik với đc k các bạn

CULTURAL DIFFERENCE: BEING ON TIME

Pre-reading:

1. What does on time mean? For example, in your country, if class is scheduled for 9A.M, when do you arrive?

2. Does the meaning of on time differ from culture? What examples can you think of to support your answer?

3. In your culture, what is late? What is early?

4. In your culture, is it important to be on time?

5. Are you usually on time? Why or why not?

6. If you are meeting someone, at what point do you feel she or he is late? Five minutes, ten minutes or longer?

In the United States, it is important to be on time , or punctual , for an appointment , a class, a meeting, etc. However, this may not be true in all countries. An American professor discovered the difference while teaching a class in a Brazilian university. The two-hour class was scheduled to begin at 10 A.M. and end at 12. On the first day , when the professor arrived on time, no one was in the classroom. Many students came after 10:30 A.M. Two students came after 11 A.M. Although all the students greeted the professor as they arrived, few apologized for their lateness.Were these students being rude? He decided to study the students’ behavior.
The professor talked to American and Brazilian students about lateness in both an informal and a formal situation:at a lunch with a friend and in a university class, respectively.He gave them an example and asked them how they would react, If they had a lunch appointment with a friend,the average American student defined lateness as 19 minutes after the agreed time,On the other hand.the average Brazilian student felt the friend was late after 33 minutes.
In an American university, students are expected to arrive at the appointed hour.In contrast, in Brazil,neither the teacher nor the students always arrive at the appointed hour.Classes not only begin at the scheduled time in the United States,but also end at the scheduled time.In the Brazilian class, only a few students left the class at 12:00;many remained past 12:30 to discuss the class and ask more questions.While arriving late may not be very important in Brazil , neither is staying late.

The explanation for these differences is complicated. People from Brazilian and North American cultures have different feelings about lateness. In Brazil, the students believe that a person who usually arrives late is probably more successful than a person who is always on time. In fact , Brazilians expect a person with status or prestige to arrive late, while in the United States lateness is usually disrespectful and unacceptable. Consequently, if a Brazilian is late for an appointment with a North American, the American may misinterpret the reason for the lateness and become angry.

As a result of his study, the professor learned that the Brazilian students were not being disrespectful to him. Instead, they were simply behaving in the appropriate way for a Brazilian student in Brazil. Eventually, the professor was able to adapt his own behavior so that he could feel comfortable in the new culture.

A. True/False Statements:

1. On the first day of class, the professor arrived
late.
2. All the students in the class were on time.
3. The professor decided to study the behavior
of Brazilian and American students.
4. In an American university, it is important to be
on time.
5. In a Brazilian class, the students leave
imme diately after the class is fi nished.
6. In an American university, many students probably
leave immediately after the class is fi nished.
7. Most North Americans think a person who is late
is disrespectful.
8. In Brazil, most successful people are expected to
be on time.
9. As a result of the study, the professor changed
the Brazilian students’ behavior.

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Chuyển từ trực tiếp sang gián tiếp sử dụng các động từ đặc biệt.

1. “Shall I go and get a candle?” said Ann.

“I’d rather you got another bulb”, said Mr.Jones.

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2. “I’m looking for a man called Albert,who drinks in this bar”,I said.

“I should keep away from Albert if I were you, “said the barman

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3. ‘Your licence is out of date,’ said the policeman.

‘It is’, I admitted,

‘Next time’, he said severely, ‘apply for a new one before your current one has expired’.

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4. ‘Could I borrow your map again?’ said Peter.

‘You‘re always borrowing it. Why don’t you get one of your own?’ I said.

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5. ‘Can you hear that noise?’ Ann said. ‘What do you think it is?’

‘I think it’s only rats running up and down inside the wall’, I said.

‘I think it’s someone trying to get in’, she said. ‘You’d better go and see’.

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6. ‘Shall I start tomorrow?’ I said.

‘I’d rather you started today’, said Tom.

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7. ‘Why don’t you go and see the film? It may help you to understand the book’, I said.

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8. Why don’t you sell that car?, said Bill.

Nobody would buy it, said Peter. What about just putting a match to it?

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9. ‘I’ve been given so many bottles of wine lately that I’ll have to buy another wine rack’, said Mr.Jones.

‘Why don’t you throw a party and save yourself the expense of a wine rack?’ I suggested.

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10. ‘Press button A to start the engine’, he said.

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11. “Let’s go to the cinema”, said Ann. “Yes, let’s”, I said.

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12. The Prime Minister said, “Let us show the nation that we are worthy of their confidence”.

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13. “Let me stay up a little longer tonight, mother” begged the child.

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14. “Let’s eat out tonight”, said Ann. “Too expensive”, objected Tom.

“Why don’t we go back to your flat and have scrambled eggs?”

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15. The police officer said, “Let’s leave the wrecked car here for a bit. It may remind other drivers to be more careful”.

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16. “The neighbors will object!” said Ann.

“Let them”, said Tom.

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17. “Let’s go on a diet”, said Ann.

“All right”, said Mary reluctantly.

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18. “Tom made this mess. Let him clear it up”, said his father.

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19. “It’s Mothering Sunday tomorrow”, said the boy.” Let’s buy Mum some flowers”.

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20. “Let’s take a tent and camp out”, said Bill.

“Let’s go to a nice hotel and be comfortable” said Mary.

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21. “Let’s give a party”, said Ann.

“Let’s not”, said her husband.

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22. I said, “Let’s not jump to conclusion. Let’s wait till we hear confirmation of this rumour”.

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23. “The newspapers will say it’s your fault”, warned his colleagues.

“Let them say what the like”, he said.

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24. “Let the nations forget their differences and work together for peace”, said the preacher.

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25. “Let me explain”, she said. “Don’t be in such a hurry”.

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26. “Let the children play in the garden if they want to”, she told the gardener. “I’m sure they won’t do any harm”.

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27. “Let’s stay here till the storm has passed”, I said.

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28. “It’s the government’s fault. Let them do something about it”, grumbled my father.

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