Luyện thi tốt nghiệp trung học phổ thông

Đức Minh

CÁC HIỆN TƯỢNG NGỮ PHÁP TRỌNG TÂM - KÌ THI ĐGNL CỦA ĐHQG TPHCM

Chủ đề 3. SỰ HÒA HỢP GIỮA CHỦ NGỮ VÀ ĐỘNG TỪ (P2)

MỘT SỐ TRƯỜNG HỢP ĐẶC BIỆT

\(S_1\) + along with/ as well as/ together with/ accompained by/... + \(S_2+V_1\)Ex: The students, along with the teacher, are coming to the meeting.
Neither \(S_1\) nor \(S_2\) / Either \(S_1\) or \(S_2\) + \(V_2\)Ex: Neither you nor she has to go there.
Police/ Sheep/ Fish/ Cattle ...Ex: The police are investigating fraud allegations against him.
There + be (chia theo danh từ đứng sau) + NThere are a lot of books on the table.
All/ some/ plenty/ none/ most/ half/ a lot/ percentage + of + N + V (chia theo danh từ đứng trước nó)Plenty of time was spent finishing this essay.
The number of + danh từ số nhiều + động từ số ítThe number of days in a week is 7.
A number of + danh từ số nhiều + động từ số nhiềuA large number of students want to go abroad nowadays.

 

Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Thơ
21 tháng 7 lúc 23:18

Khuya :<

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Sáng đi làm, tối dìa làm giáo viên hở ông, đăng khuya rứa

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Nông Quang Minh
Hôm kia lúc 20:31

Đăng j mà khuya vậy bạn

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Các câu hỏi tương tự
Đức Minh

CÁC HIỆN TƯỢNG NGỮ PHÁP TRỌNG TÂM - KÌ THI ĐGNL CỦA ĐHQG TPHCM

Chủ đề 3. SỰ HÒA HỢP GIỮA CHỦ NGỮ VÀ ĐỘNG TỪ

Trường hợpĐộng từ chia số nhiềuĐộng từ chia số ít
Danh từ số nhiềuEx: Some people are waiting for you at the office. 
Hai danh từ nối nhau bằng and (đề cập hai người/ hai vật khác nhau).Ex: The writer and the poet come from England. 
The + adj = N(s) (chỉ một nhóm người).Ex: The Vietnamese are very friendly. 
Some/ many/ most/ both/ all/ a few... + danh từ số nhiều.Ex: Most of my students know how to solve the problem. 
The majority of/ A lot of ... + danh từ số nhiều.Ex: The majority of the students in this class are female. 
Danh từ số ít/ danh từ không đếm được 

Ex: Air traffic has increased 30% in the last decade.

Hai danh từ nối với nhau bằng and (đề cập hai người/ hai vật cùng loại). 

Ex: The writer and poet comes from England.

Đại từ bất định (someone, somebody, anything...) Ex: Someone is waiting for you outside.
Each/ every/ any/ neither/ either... + danh từ số ít Ex: Each student has to submit the report by Friday.
One/ each/ every/ either/ neither/ any/ none + of + the + danh từ số nhiều Ex: One of the girls here is going to be the Miss World.
A pair of/ a couple of A pair of scissors is dangerous to young children.
Chủ ngữ là mệnh đề danh ngữ. Ex: That he knows Vietnamese impresses me.
Thời gian/ tiền bạc/ khoảng cách/ đơn vị đo lường Ex: 30 minutes is too long for me to wait.
Tên riêng của bộ phim, tác phẩm,... Ex: "Tom and Jerry" is my favourite cartoon.
Chủ ngữ dạng V_ing-to V Ex: Learning English is not too difficult.
Một số danh từ dạng số nhiều nhưng mang nghĩa số ít Ex: Economics is my favourite subject.

 

Hỗ trợ sách forecast ôn thi IELTS đến hết T12/2021 giá mềm cho bạn nào ôn thi cấp tốc!

 

Post tiếp theo sẽ là một minigame nho nhỏ về tiếng Anh nhé! 

Đức Minh

CÁC HIỆN TƯỢNG NGỮ PHÁP TRỌNG TÂM - KÌ THI ĐGNL CỦA ĐHQG TPHCM

Chủ đề 2. LƯỢNG TỪ (P2)

Lượng từĐi với danh từ đếm đượcĐi với danh từ không đếm đượcChú ý

a lot of/ lots of

nhiều

Ex: There were a lot of people there.

Ex: We need a lot of/ lots of time to learn a foreign language.

-Thường dùng trong câu khẳng định.

-"A lot of/ lots of" có nghĩa là rất nhiều nên sẽ không đi sau các trạng từ chỉ mức độ như: very, too, so, extremely... Khi có các trạng từ này, ta chỉ sử dụng much many.

few/ a few

rất ít, một vài

Ex: We've got a little bacon and a few eggs. 

- few - ít, gần như không có; thường có nghĩa phủ định, ít và không đủ dùng.

- a few - một vài; thường  có nghĩa khẳng định, đủ để dùng.

little / a little

rất ít, một vài

Ex: We've got a little bacon and a few eggs.Ex: There is little sugar in my coffee.

- little - ít, gần như không có; thường có nghĩa phủ định, ít và không đủ dùng.

- a little - một vài; thường có nghĩa khẳng định, đủ để dùng.

every

mỗi

Ex: Every day seems to pass very slowly. 

-eachevery có thể được dùng thay thế cho nhau trong một vài trường hợp khi chỉ sự thống nhất của tất cả các cá thể: Each/ every student has to attend the meeting.

each

mỗi

Ex: Each room has a seperated balcony. 

-each every có thể được dùng thay thế cho nhau trong một vài trường hợp khi chỉ sự thống nhất của tất cả các cá thể: Each/ every student has to attend the meeting.

- Để chỉ sự khác biệt của từng cá thể, ta chỉ dùng each: Each person has his own responsibilities.

- each đi với danh từ đếm được số ít.

several

một vài

Ex: I've checked it several times.  

most

hầu hết

Ex: Most students live in Danang.Ex: Most beer has been sold. 

no

không

Ex: There are no direct flights from Toronto to Rome today.

Ex: There's no chance of us getting there by eight.- "No" đi với cả danh từ số ít và danh từ số nhiều.

Khi đọc xong lý thuyết, các bạn hãy cho biết:

"Only a few"/"Only a little" có nghĩa là gì? Và 2 cụm này khi sử dụng sẽ mang nghĩa khẳng định hay phủ định?

3 bạn trả lời đúng + sớm nhất sẽ được +1GP!

 

Hỗ trợ sách forecast ôn thi IELTS đến hết T12/2021 giá mềm cho bạn nào ôn thi cấp tốc!

Đức Minh

CÁC HIỆN TƯỢNG NGỮ PHÁP TRỌNG TÂM - KÌ THI ĐGNL CỦA ĐHQG TPHCM

Chủ đề 2. LƯỢNG TỪ (P1).

Lượng từĐi với danh từ đếm đượcĐi với danh từ không đếm đượcChú ý

some

một ít, một vài

Ex: I want to buy some new pencils.

Chú ý: Some đi với danh từ đếm được số nhiều.

Ex: There is some milk in the bottle- Được dùng trong câu khẳng định, câu yêu cầu, lời mời, đề nghị.

any

bất kỳ, không chút nào

Ex: There aren't any chairs in the room.

Chú ý: any đi với danh từ số nhiều đếm được ở câu phủ định, số ít ở câu khẳng định.

Ex: She didn't buy any sugar yesterday.

- Thường được dùng trong câu phủ định, nghi vấn.

Any dùng trong cả câu khẳng định, nhằm mục đích nhấn mạnh.

many

nhiều

Ex: There aren't many people living here. - Thường được dùng trong câu phủ định, câu nghi vấn.

much

nhiều

 Ex: I drank much water last night- Thường được dùng trong câu phủ định, câu nghi vấn.

all

tất cả

Ex: All animals have to eat in order to live.

Chú ý: all  có thể đi với danh từ đếm được số ít: All the apple.

Ex: All milk will be for the poor children.All, half, both và such có thể đứng trước một mạo từ: All the students ("the" là mạo từ).

(To be continued)

Related posts:

[CHTNPTT] Chủ đề 1, P1: Click here.

[CHTNPTT] Chủ đề 1, P2: Click here.

 

Hỗ trợ sách forecast ôn thi IELTS đến hết T12/2021 giá mềm cho bạn nào ôn thi cấp tốc!

 

Các bạn cần chủ đề nào thêm cứ comment phía dưới nha!

Hoàng Anh Đặng

giúp mk nhanh ạ\

ien Son High School – English Group New teaching and testing projects
UNIT 1 Friendship
I. Choose the word that has the underlined (letters) pronounced differently from the others.
1. a. machine b. change c. teacher d. choose
2. a. condition b. option c. suggestion d. relation
3. a. believe b. readily c. friend d. pleasure
4. a. good b. gossip c. game d. geometry
5. a. trust b. mutual c. number d. uncertain
II. Choose the one word or phrase - a, b, c, or d - that best completes the sentences or
substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
6. It was so relaxing to be ________ old friends.
a. in b. between c. among d. around
7. She's made friends ________ a little girl who lives next door.
a. to b. of c. by d. with
8. The children seem to be totally capable ________ working by themselves.
a. on b. of c. in d. for
9. Your friendship should be based on ________ trust.
a. basic b. fragile c. mutual d. blind
10. The company expects ________ from its employees.
a. constancy b. quality c. interest d. loyalty
11. I've got lots of _______, but only a few are really good friends


a. close friends b. acquaintances c. neighbors d. partners
12. Friendship is a two-sided ________, it lives by give-and-take.
a. affair b. event c. aspect d. feature
13. Unselfishness is the very essence of friendship.
a. romantic part b. important part c. difficult part d. interesting part
14. They ________ a close friendship at university.
a. created b. became c. promoted d. formed
15. We stayed friends even after we ________ and left home.
a. brought up b. turned up c. grew up d. took up
III. Choose the word or phrase -a, b, c, or d -that best completes the sentence.
16. He finds it ________ lasting friendships.
a. difficult to make b. difficulty in making c. is difficult to make d. difficult making
17. You ________ any friends if you ________ talking like that.
a. will win/ carryon b. won't win/ carryon
c. wouldn't win/ carried on d. would have won/ had carried on
18. The aim of the culture festival is ________ friendship between the two countries
a. promote b. promoting c. to promote d. being promoted
19. People he ________ turned out to be only fair-weather friends.
a. trusted b. has trusted c. was trusting d. had trusted
20. How can you let such a silly incident ________ your friendship?
a. wreck b. to wreck c. wrecking d. that wrecks
21. It has become necessary ________ water in the metropolitan area because of the severe drought.
a. rationing b. ration c. to ration d. to have rationed
22. All the passengers were made ________ their seat belts during the turbulence.
a. buckle b. to buckle c. buckling d. for buckling.
23. ________ good ice cream, you need to use a lot of cream.
a. Make b. Making c. To make d. For make
24. I got my friend ________ her car for the weekend.
a. to let me to borrow b. to let me borrow c. let me borrow d. let me to borrow
25. They _______ good friends, but they've fallen out recently.
a. used to be b. would be c. were d. are
IV. Identify the one underlined word or phase - A, B, C or D - that must be changed for the
sentence to be correct.
26. Whatever happened, I didn't want to lose friendship of Vera.
A B C D
Reference Material For 11
th
- grade students All Rights reserved
1
Lien Son High School – English Group New teaching and testing projects


27. The basic aims of science and magic are very similar - to understand and to control nature
A B C D
28. It was a period of her life when she made some lifelong friendship.
A B C D
29. Simon finds it hard for making friends with other children.
A B C D
30. Not longer are contributions to the advancement of industry made primarily by individuals
A B C D
V. Fill in each blank with one appropriate word from the box.
terms words came pieces touch change last experience talk accent get make
Meeting old school friends again can be a strange (31) ________ Some have changed so much
that you can hardly recognize them: they speak with a different (32) ________, are interested in different
things and all you can do is make small (33) ________ and hope they'll go soon. Others, though you
might have been out of (34) ________ with them for years, are just the same as they always were - it's as
if you (35) ________ saw them yesterday.
Before you know it, you're exchanging (36) ________ about your families and friends, and setting
out the (37) ________ for another game of chess. A few change for the better. There's one person that I
(38) ________ on with very well now, though we weren't on speaking (39) ________ for our last two
years at school. One day, we met at a party and made it up and (40) ________ engaged the same evening.
VI. Read the passage carefully, then decide whether the following statement are true (T) or false (F)
The proverb 'A friend in need is a friend indeed.' means that we shall know who our real friends
are when we are in need. Those who desert us when we are in difficulty are just unfaithful friends.
A true friend would remain with us whether we are rich or poor. Some people be friend the rich,
simply for the sake of getting benefits from them.
It is useless to have insincere friends because these friends remain with us as long as we are rich
or powerful. It is better to have one or two good friends rather than having hundreds of insincere ones.
A true friend will stand by us in our trials and tribulations. He will be a great source of consolation
and comfort in our troubles. So we must be careful in choosing our friends. It is difficult to choose a
sincere friend overnight; it takes years for us to find a sincere friend.
41. Real friends share everything we need.
42. Unfaithful friends stop being our friends when we are in trouble.
43. A rich friend is always a true friend.
44. A true friend is always loyal to us and support us through our difficulties.
45. It's not worth having a lot of friends.
46. It may take a lot of time to find a real friend.
VII. Choose the answer -a, b, c, or d- that is meaningful to the sentence printed before.
47. ________ the promotion of health and to helping people avoid injury and disease.
a. To commit the Red Cross b. The Red Cross to commit
c. Committed to the Red Cross is d. The Red Cross is committed to
48. It is possible ________ may assist some tree in saving water in the winter.
a. the leaves are lost b. when leaves have lost c. that the loss of leaves d. to lose leaves
49. It can sometimes ________ a home.
a. to take months to sell b. take several months to sell
c. selling takes several months d. to sell taking several months
50. Pioneer men and women endured terrible hardships, and ________
a. so do their children b. neither did the children c. also the children d. so did their children
  

Vương Linh
101.To better reflect changes in society, some details were altered in recent ------- of the textbook. (A) options (B) versions (C) conditions (D) expressions 102. Shanghai’s annual winter festival attracts people from all ------- China and from other countries as well. (A) on (B) at (C) among (D) across 103. The alert driver ------- the vehicle to a stop just in time to avoid a collision. (A) bring (B) brought (C) was brought (D) bringing 104. -------, the person hired will have a graduate degree in computer science and five years of related work experience. (A) Ideally (B) Mutually (C) Evenly (D) Carefully 105. The manufacturing company Hesperon recorded substantial gains in ------- after installing its new factory equipment. (A) product (B) produce (C) productive (D) productivity 106. Ms. Turner is not coming in to work this Friday, ------- can she make it to Saturday’s event. (A) yet (B) afterwards (C) nor (D) and 107.The manager agrees that Mr. Calder is probably the ------- employee of all sales department staff and deserves a promotion. (A) capable (B) capably (C) more capable (D) most capable 108. Rapid technological advances are making smartphones ------- more powerful and affordable. (A) continue (B) continuous (C) continuously (D) continuity 109. A new speaker will have to be found ------- Mr. Johns does not reply to the invitation by Tuesday. (A) if (B) but (C) rather (D) since 110. Many articles on personal finance recommend ------- saving for retirement as early as possible. (A) start (B) to start (C) starting (D) will start 111. Mr. Petrov is receiving an award in recognition of ------- lifetime contributions to biology. (A) he (B) him (C) his (D) himself 112. The advertised price for the house seems ------- enough given its extremely convenient location. (A) reasoned (B) reasoning (C) reasonable (D) reasonably 113. ------- aside a portion of his income each month, Mr. Wong was able to save a sizable amount. (A) Set (B) To set (C) Sets (D) Setting 114. The magazine requested that applicants ------- samples of written work along with their résumés. (A) submitting (B) submit (C) submissive (D) to submit 115. If the supplier were still in business, Andro-Vox Inc. ------- back the defective sparkplugs and demand reimbursement. (A) would send (B) sends (C) was sent (D) had been sending
Thu Hồng

☺☺☺ Xin chào cả nhà, ☺☺☺

☘ ☘ ☘ Cuộc thi Olympic Tiếng Anh VOEC mùa này đã kết thúc với rất nhiều điều thú vị. Vui có, buồn có, hăng hái và chán nản, đủ cả. Song, cô tin chắc rằng điều quan trọng nhất còn đọng lại là những bài học đáng quý về sự nỗ lực của các thành viên, những cơ hội rèn luyện ngoại ngữ và được giao lưu cùng nhau; đúng không các em?

☘ ☘ ☘ Dưới đây là phần tổng hợp những bài viết nổi bật nhất sau cuộc thi, cô biết còn rất nhiều bài hay của các bạn khác nữa; nhưng những bài dưới đây không chỉ được xem xét dưới góc độ sử dụng ngoại ngữ, mà còn xét đến tiêu chí về tác dụng lan tỏa, cảm xúc, sáng tạo để post công khai, lưu lại làm một nguồn tham khảo cho các bạn.

Cô chúc mừng các em đã hoàn thành cuộc thi! Các bạn đã nhận được phần thưởng của mình chưa nào? 

 

1. Correspondence to a friend about his upcoming touring holiday to your hometown.

                                                                                                                       - Đỗ Thanh Hải

From: Hai

Subject: touring holiday

I'm very pleased that your college friends're visiting my area for a holiday. It's now June and my village is having a festival next week, so your college friends should go there next week. When you arrive, you should visit the Long Khe Temple first because it is a national historic site in which we worship Nguyen Minh Khong and Ly Thuong Kiet. The temple is extremely beautiful. You should also go along the dike and see many rice paddies. 

Besides, you can go to the centre of my area to have a rest because there is a big banyan tree there. Also, you can visit the Ngoc Dong Temple which is located in the rest of my area. The temple is bigger than Long Khe Temple, but it's not as famous as Long Khe Temple. 

After you go around the area, you can join the festival with me, it may be fun. Remember to tell them to bring some bicycles because they're the most suitable way to travel around my area.

Please write to me soon and tell me when you and your friends come. I'll be willing to take you around my area.

Your friend,

Hai

 

2. An essay to present your opinion on whether the pollution problem can be solved.

                                                                                                                                                                          - Komorebi

These days, we are constantly confronted with environmental issues, which are affecting almost every country in the world. However, it is possible to resolve these problems. This essay will discuss some measures to make a difference.

First of all, reducing automobile dependence is highly recommended to reduce carbon footprint. People need to use public transport more, or switch to eco-friendly vehicles. It seems to me that investing in electric transportation is beneficial to the environment. It'd be even better if the electricity came from renewable energy sources. 

Secondly, we also have to take care of rivers and seas. Nowadays, some industrial zones have been discharging chemical waste into rivers, causing death to aquatic creatures. Heavier fines should be imposed on these factories. In addition, all factories are encouraged to apply green technology such as sewage treatment systems.

Last but not least, deforestation must be prevented since green trees play a pivotal role in sustaining global temperature. It is the government's responsibility to enforce stricter laws against illegal logging and raise public awareness about the importance of forests. At the same time, individuals can put effort into planting more trees.

To conclude, the problems of environmental damage can be solved once imperative measures are implemented. In my view, if we don't take action immediately, our future generations will have to migrate to another planet in order to survive.

 

Book review: A book in which the main character behaved in a surprising way.

                                                                                                                                                                          - Nguyễn Thị Ngọc Thơ

 

''I always hated you, Mikasa'' - Eren 

Holy hell, what did I just read?

- A world of nightmares and emotions

- Detailed characterization leading to unforgettable characters 

- Head-spinning plot twist and unpredictable ending

That's a basic list, but Attack on Titan (AOT) is all of that and SO MUCH MORE. And I definitely say that AOT will be one of my best reads of 2021

In most action comics, things seem to be smooth and peaceful, but with AOT, the wrongdoing hits you between the eyes from the very first pages. Things started when the colossus Titan (60 metres tall) and the armoured Titan attacked Wall Maria and his hometown - Shiganshina District, where protagonist Eren Yeager impotently witnessed his mother being eaten by a Titan. Following Eren along with two other friends - Mikasa and Armin , we can see their journey to find out the truth beside 3 circular fifty-metre high walls (Maria-Rose-Shina), where humans strongly believed that they live within the safety of the walls.

 

Attack on Titan is incredibly detailed and captivates billions of readers . Even the side stories twist and turn, the plot seeming to change with every episode. One of its attractive details is the way Eren unhesitatingly decided to be a villain with the aim of giving his friends and people in Paradise Island optimistic lives. 

 

No spoilers here, cause I want you all enjoy yourselves. Though AOT's ending can't make everyone completely satisfied, but its first 138 chapters are highly - appreciated as a masterpieces.

 

Part 1 : The table below shows the percentage of women in tertiary education in selected countries from 1998 to 2005. Describe the information in the table and make comparisons where relevant. You should write about 150 words.(30 points)

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                                                                                                                                                                          - Hoàng Hạnh Nguyễn

The given table compares the proportion of females receiving higher education in nine different nations within an 8-year period commencing in 1998.

In general, it is noticeable that Icelandic women made the largest contribution to the university student population while the opposite was true for Japanese counterparts. Additionally, except for Bulgaria, the eight remaining regions all witnessed a discernible upward trend during the time surveyed.

In detail, the figure for Bulgaria, the only area to record a significant 8% decrease, constituted roughly 52% at the end of the period. Conversely, the remainders all grew up, with the number of Icelandic women enrolling in graduate schools registered the highest level and also the widest variation, ranging from 60% in 1998 to approximately 65% in 2005. Besides, in Japan, the most moderate data was reported, hovering around 45% all the time.

Concerning the rest, the figure for Denmark began at 55.5 %, followed by a 2% increase in the end. Undergoing a slight oscillation and negligible changing patterns, the percentage of female pupils in Finland eventually reached 53.6%, which was marginally higher than that in the beginning. Moreover, Norway and Sweden experienced a virtually same tendency from the starting to the ending point, at about 56% and 59% respectively. Similarly, the US and the UK also went through a considerable rise, ending up at 57.2% in 2005.

Part 2 : Advances in technology and automation have reduced the need for manual labour. Therefore working hours should be reduced.

To what extent do you agree?

Write an essay of about 250 words to express your opinion. Give reasons for your answers and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience (40 points)

                                                                                                                                                                          - Hoàng Hạnh Nguyễn

In this modern era, substantial breakthroughs in the development of technology and mechanization have dramatically diminished the demand for blue-collar jobs. This phenomenon has raised the question of whether to decrease working time or not. This essay will put this issue under intense scrutiny and reveal my standpoint.

To begin with, as machines are capable of performing with high accuracy and productivity, organizations tend to take advantage of them in lieu of relying on conventional employment. Consequently, that numerous companies have to downsize their workforce is inevitable due to the impossibility of maintaining a vast quantity of both automation and manual labor simultaneously. 

Meanwhile, the consumption market grows ceaselessly in the context of accelerating globalization, so employers have no other choice but to either preserve or increase working hours. For instance, to meet drastically soaring textile demand, textile factories still have to encourage manufacturing hours of physical labor. Otherwise, the combination of employee shrinkage and time curtailing will absolutely fail to bridge the gap between demand and supply.

Furthermore, technological inventions are chiefly generated as a useful tool to assist humans in risk-taking and demanding tasks, thus enabling them to reach work efficiency and make progress more effortlessly. Therefore, to make headway, the incessant endeavor is a decisive factor besides the exploitation of artificial intelligence. To illustrate, in Japan, one of the global economic superpowers with innovative technology, people are required to pull their weight with a tough working schedule. Alternatively, enhancement is out of reach and the whole economy will remain at the standstill or even fall into degradation.

To reiterate, the increasing consumer requirement and the economic competitiveness make it challenging to lessen the time at work. Accordingly, I totally concur with the opinion that working hours should at least be kept unchanged for the aforementioned reasons.

Đức Minh

CÁC HIỆN TƯỢNG NGỮ PHÁP TRỌNG TÂM - KÌ THI ĐGNL CỦA ĐHQG TPHCM.

Chủ đề 1. CÁC THÌ TRONG TIẾNG ANH (P1)

                           ĐƠN                           TIẾP DIỄN
HIỆN TẠI

*Cấu trúc:
- Với động từ thường:
(+): S + V(s/es) + O
(-): S + do not /does not + V_inf
(?): Do/Does + S + V_inf?
- Với động từ tobe:
(+): S + be (am/is/are) + O
(-): S + be (am/is/are) + not + O
(?): Am/is/are + S + O?

*Dấu hiệu nhận biết: always, every, usually, often, generally, frequently.

*Cách dùng:
-Diễn tả 1 thói quen, một hành động xảy ra thường xuyên ở hiện tại.
(I clean my room everyday).
- Diễn tả 1 chân lý, sự thật hiển nhiên.
(The Moon goes around the Earth).
- Diễn tả 1 sự kiện trong tương lai đã được lên lịch sẵn như 1 phần của kế hoạch (thời gian biểu, lịch chiếu phim, lịch tàu xe...)
(The plane flies at 8 p.m).

*Cấu trúc:
(+): S + am/is/are + V_ing
(-): S + am/is/are + not + V_ing
(?): Be + S + V_ing?

*Dấu hiệu nhận biết: now, right now, at the moment, at present, for the time being, presently, ath the present time.

*Cách dùng:
-Diễn tả hành động/ sự việc đang diễn ra tại thời điểm nói.
(I am playing the piano at the moment).
-Diễn tả 1 hành động sắp xảy ra ở tương lai gần (là một sự sắp xếp hoặc 1 kế hoạch đã định sẵn).
(He is coming tonight).
- Diễn tả 1 lời phàn nàn đi với always.
(He is always behaving impolitely).

*NOTE: không dùng thì này với các động từ chỉ nhận thức, tri giác: see, hear, understand, know, like, want, glance, feel, think, smell, love, hate, realize, seem, remember, forget...

QUÁ KHỨ

*Cấu trúc:
-Với động từ thường: 
(+): S + V2/ed + O
(-): S + didn’t + V_inf + O
(?): Did + S + V_inf + O?
-Với động từ tobe:
(+): S + was/were +...
(-): S + was/were + not + ....
(?): Was/were + S + ...

*Dấu hiệu nhận biết:
yesterday, yesterday morning, last week, last month, last year, last night.

*Cách dùng:
-Diễn tả hành động đã xảy ra trong quá khứ, chấm dứt rồi và biết rõ thời gian.
(She finished her exam yesterday).

*Cấu trúc:
(+): S + was/were + V_ing + O
(-): S + was/were + not + V_ing + O
(?): Was/were + S + V_ing + O?

*Dấu hiệu nhận biết: while, at the very moment.

*Cách dùng: 
-Diễn tả hành động đang diễn ra tại một thời điểm nhất định trong quá khứ.
(I was studying at school at 8p.m yesterday).
- Diễn tả hành động đã xảy ra và kéo dài một thời gian ở quá khứ.
(She was sleeping the whole afternoon).
-Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra ở quá khứ thì có hành động khác xen vào.
(When I was watching TV, my father came home).

TƯƠNG LAI

*Cấu trúc:
- Với động từ thường:
(+): S + will/shall/ + V_inf + O
(-):  S + will/shall + not + V_inf + O
(?): Will/shall + S + V_inf + O?

*Dấu hiệu nhận biết:  tomorrow, next week, next month, next year.

*Cách dùng: 
-Diễn tả hành động sẽ xảy ra ở tương lai.
(I will go to NY next year).
-Diễn tả ý kiến, đưa ra một lời hứa hoặc một quyết định tức thì.
(I will open the door for you).
-Dùng để dự đoán 1 điều gì đó chưa có căn cứ.
(I guess the red team will win).

*Cấu trúc:
(+): S + will/shall + be + V-ing
(-): S + will/shall + not + be + V-ing
(?): Will/shall + S + be + V-ing?

*Dấu hiệu nhận biết: at this time/ at this moment + [future time], at + [time] + [future time].

*Cách dùng:
-Diễn tả hành động hay sự việc sẽ đang diễn ra ở một thời điểm xác định trong tương lai.
(I will be doing exam at 10p.m tomorrow).
-Diễn tả hành động sẽ diễn ra và kéo dài liên tục suốt một khoảng thời gian ở tương lai.
(She will be staying here the whole day tomorrow).

Các bạn muốn bài post tiếp theo sẽ là P2 của chủ đề Thì hay là một thứ khác, hãy comment dưới bài giúp mình nhé!

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