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Join each pair of sentences .Use thw words in brackets

13.I got very wet int he rain.I had an umbrella (even though )

14.I couldn't sleep.I was tired (despite)

15.He liked the sweater.He decided not to buy it (thought)

16.I didn't get the job.I had all the necessary qualifications (on spite of)

17.I had turn on the air conditioner.It was still hot in thw room (even though)

18.Laura wants to fly .She feels afraid(in spite of the fact that)

19.Trevor didn't notice the sign.It was right in front of him (even though)

20.I'm no better.I've taken the pillls(despite the fact)

21.Matthew doesn't kow any French.It was one of his school subjects (though)

22.Henry's friend is a millionarie.He hates spending money(sedpite)

23.I'd met her twicw before.I didn't recognize her (although)

24.Laura felt inwell.She went on working (in spite of this)

25.I told the absolute truth.No one would believe me (even though)

26.The good were never delivered .We had received the promise(despite)

27.We took many pictures although the sky was cloudy (in spite of )

28. We understand him im spite of his strong accent ( although)

29.Although he is wealthy,he is not spoiled(despite)

30.Despite a good salary,he was unhappy in his job (though)

31.In spite of the high prices,my roommates go to the movies every Saturday (although)

32.Even though she had a poor memory,she told interesting stories to the children (despite)

33.In spite of their poverty,they are very generous (although)

34.Though he has been absent frquently , he has managed to pass the test( despite)

35.In spite of Lee's Dasness at losing the contest ,she managed to smile (although)

36.My friend ate the chocolate cake even though she was on a diet (despite )

37.In spite of headache , he enjoyed the film ( although)

38.My sister will take a plane even though she dislikes flying (in spite of )

39.He isn't happy although he is very rish (despite)

40.Even though he got a good job,he was not satisfied (despite)

41.Although he often tells lies, many people believe him (despite)

42.Mary didn't go to school yesterday because she was sick (because of )

43.She went to bed eary because she felt tired (because of)

0 câu trả lời

What is good writing for children?
The children’s publishers will tell you they look for ‘good writing’. What exactly do they mean?

Before you send a story you have written to any publisher at all, your severest critic ought to be you vourself. To have a chance of succeeding in the competitive market of children’s fiction, you should constantly be aware, every single time you sit down at your word-processor, of the need to produce ‘good, original writing’. A difficult task, maybe, but one which hopefully we will help you to achieve.

To begin with, let us try to pin down exactly what publishers mean when they talk about ‘good writing’ for children. A useful starting point would be to take a look at some of the children’s books which won literary prizes last year. Reading these books is one of the easiest and most enjoyable ways of: (a) finding out what individual publishers are publishing at the moment, and (b) learning a few tricks of the trade from well-established professionals. It goes without saying, of course, that slavishly copying the style and subject matter of a successful author is usually a recipe for disaster. Nor should you become downhearted after reading a particularly brilliant piece of work, and miserably think you will never be able to match up to those standards. Remember, overnight success is rare - most successful children’s authors will have struggled long and hard to learn their trade. Read these books as a critic; note down the things you enjoyed or admired, as well as areas where you feel there was possibly room for improvement. After all, nobody is perfect, not even a successful, prize-winning author.

Possibly the toughest challenge is right at the youngest end of the age range - the picture book. The would-be author/ illustrator is attempting to create an exciting story out of the narrow, limited, everyday world of a young child’s experience - not easy at all. The whole storyline has to be strong enough to keep the reader turning the pages, yet simple enough to fit into a few pages. Another problem for the new picture-book author is that it can seem that every subject and every approach has been done to death, with nothing new left to say. Add to this the fact that printing costs are high because of full colour illustrations, which means that the publisher will probably want a text that suits the international market to increase sales, and a novel for ten-year olds, with hardly any pictures at all, starts to look much more inviting.

You would be forgiven for wondering if there are any truly original plots left to impress publishers with. But remember that, in many ways, it is the writer’s own personal style, and intelligent handling of a subject that can change a familiar, overworked plot into something original and fresh. To illustrate this, read The Enchanted Horse by Magdalen Nabb. A young girl called Irina finds an old wooden horse in a junk shop, takes it home and treats it as if it was real. Soon it magically starts to come to life ... Sounds familiar? The magic object that comes alive is a storyline that has been used in hundreds of other children’s stories. So why does it succeed here? The answer is that Magdalen Nabb has created a strong, believable character in the lonely, unhappy heroine Irina, and the descriptions of her relationship with the wooden horse are poetic and touching.

So, to return to the question asked at the beginning: What exactly is ‘good writing’ for children? The answer is that it is writing which is fresh, exciting and unpredictable, and which gives a new and original angle on what might be a well- worn subject. But do not be put off if you feel that you simply cannot match up to all these requirements. While there is obviously no substitute for talent, and the ability to come up with suitable ideas, many of the techniques for improving and polishing your manuscript can be learned.

8. Why does the article advise people to look at prize-winning books?

A. to copy the author’s style

B. to realise what a high standard needs to be reached

C. to get an idea of what might be successful

D. to find out how to trick publishers

9. What do most successful children’s authors have in common?

A. They did not get depressed by early failures.

B. They have learned how to be critical of other authors’ work.

C. They find it easy to think of storylines that will sell.

D. They have worked hard to become well-known.

10. Why is the picture book the most difficult to write?

A. There is a limited range of subjects available.

B. Young children cannot follow storylines easily.

C. The pictures need to be exciting.

D. Children want to be able to read it quickly.

11.What looks ‘more inviting’ in line 54?

A.the international market

B. the increased sales

C. the novel for ten-year-olds

D. the type of pictures

12. The book about Irina is successful

A. because of the unusual way magic is used.

B. because of the way the character is described.

C. because the story has not been told before.

D. because the pictures bring the story to life.

13. What does ‘it’ refer to in line 68?

A. the storyline

B. the magic object

C. the horse

D. the children’s story

14. What conclusion does the writer of the text come to?

A. Anyone can learn to write a good story.

B. The subject matter is the most important consideration.

C. If you have natural ability, you can learn the rest.

D. Some published fiction is badly written.

15. Why was this text written?

A. to explain what kind of books children like to read

B. to give advice to people who want to write children’s fiction

C. to discourage new authors from being too optimistic

D. to persuade new authors to get away from old ideas

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