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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 

Question 1.     A. laugh    B. cough    C. enough    D. though

Question 2.     A. breath    B. breathe    C. with    D. soothe

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3.     A. record    B. mentor    C. timber    D. bother

Question 4.     A. catastrophe    B. millennium    C. acknowledgement    D. photograph

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 5. The more tired you are, the more hard you can concentrate.

    A. more tired    B. you are    C. more hard    D. concentrate

Question 6. The ocean probably distinguishes the earth from other planets of the solar system, for scientists believe that large bodies of water are not existing on the other planets.

    A. probably    B. for    C. are not existing    D. from

Question 7. There were considerate amounts of money wasted on large building projects.

    A. considerate    B. amounts    C. wasted    D. building

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 8. There are dozens of TV channels, ____________operate 24 hours a day.

    A. some    B. some of which     C. some of those    D. some of them

Question 9. Thirty-one people have been injured in____________incidents throughout the day.

    A. violent    B. violence    C. violently    D. violate

Question 10. what chemical is this? It's____________a horrible smell.

    A. giving over    B. giving off    C. giving down    D. giving up

Question 11. Mary will have finished all her work ____________    

    A. as soon as her boss returned    B. until her boss will return

    C. by the time her boss returns    D. when her boss will return

Question 12. So little____________about mathematics that the lecture was beyond completely

beyond me.

    A. I have known     B. I knew    C. do I know    D. did I know

Question 13. It is probably impossible for life to ever exist on Venus____________its intense surface heat.

    A. because    B. although    C. despite    D. due to

Question 14. Peter was the last applicant ____________ by that interviewer.

    A. to interview    B. interviewing    C. to be interviewing    D. to be interviewed

Question 15. At the meeting last week, the finance director____________the figures for the previous year.

    A. produced    B. represented     C. purchased    D. commended

Question 16. I think Trump can easily win the election. He is a man of the____________.

    A. community    B. society    C. country    D. people

Question 17. Overcrowded slums are often considered as breeding ground____________crime.

    A. of    B. to    C. for    D. towards

Question 18. The military court____________ the major for failing to do his duty.

    A. scolded    B. reprimanded    C. humiliated    D. ridiculedƯ

Question 19. This is not____________the last one we stayed in.

    A. as a comfortable hotel as    B. an as comfortable hotel as

    C. a as comfortable hotel as    D. as comfortable a hotel as


Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 20. Laura is warning Bob about the house.

-    Laura: “Mind your head. The ceiling is low”.

-    Bob: “_____________”

    A. Don’t mention it.        B. Thanks, I’ll remember it.

    C. I couldn’t agree more with you.     D. I don’t think you’re right.

Question 21. David is talking to Linda after a party.

-    David: “Would you like me to give you a ride home?”

-    Linda: “_____________”

    A. That’s be great, thanks.    B. Sorry, you’re not my type.

    C. Yes, I’m riding home now    D. No, thanks. I don’t like riding.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 22. Since the death of Laura's father, her mother has become a breadwinner to support the family.

    A. a person who bakes bread every morning

    B. a bakery-owner

    C. a person who delivers bread to make money

    D. a person who goes out to work to earn money

Question 23. Peter is the black sheep of the family, so he is never welcomed there.

    A. a beloved member        B. a bad and embarrassing member

    C. the only child        D. the eldest child

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 24. I must have a watch since punctuality is imperative in my new job.

    A. being courteous     B. being cheerful     C. being efficient    D. being late

Question 25. My sister lives in Alaska, so we can only see each other once in a blue moon.

    A. occasionally    B. rarely    C. at night    D. frequently

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Question 26. This country wouldn’t have much income without tourism.

    A. Tourism is developing very quickly in this country.

    B. Tourism development is going up in this country.

    C. This country depends on its tourism for making its income.

    D. In order to develop, this country invests into tourism.

Question 27. Many people were severely critical of the proposal for the new motorway.

    A. There was severe criticism of the proposal for the new motorway.

    B. The proposals for the new motorway was severely criticized.

    C. There was the proposal for the new motorway, but many people were criticised.

    D. Many people were severely criticised by the new motorway that was proposed.

Question 28. There was no precedent for the President’s resignation in the country.

    A. The President resigned in the country, which seemed strange.

    B. Never before had any President resigned in the country.

    C. That the President resigned becomes a scandal in the country.

D. Never before there was an event that President resigned in the country.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 29. He was suspected of stealing credit cards. The police have investigated him for days.

    A. He has been investigated for days, suspected to have stolen credit cards.

    B. Suspecting to have stolen credit cards, he has been investigated for days.

    C. Having suspected of stealing credit cards, he has been investigated for days.

    D. Suspected of stealing credit cards, he has been investigated for days.

Question 30. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam. She didn’t want it to get broken in the post.

    A. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam so that it wouldn’t get broken in the post.

    B. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam so it didn’t get broken in the post.

    C. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam so as it wouldn’t get broken in the post.

    D. The girl packed the vase in polyester foam for it didn’t get broken in the post.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.

Higher education also provides a competitive edge in the career market. We all know that in the economic times we are living in today, finding jobs is not guaranteed. The number of people unemployed is still relatively high, and the number of new career (31) ___________ isn’t nearly enough to put people in jobs they are seeking. As a job seeker, you’re competing with a high number of experienced workers (32)__________ have been out of the workforce for a while and are also seeking work. (33) ___________, when you have a higher education, it generally equips you for better job security. Generally speaking, employers tend to value those who have completed college than those who have only completed high school and are more likely to replace that person who hasn’t (34) ___________a higher education. Furthermore, some companies even go so far as to pay your tuition because they consider an educated (35) ___________to be valuable to their organization. A college

education is an investment that doesn’t just provide you with substantial rewards. It benefits the hiring company as well.

Question 31.    A. responsibilities    B. activities    C. opportunities    D. possibilities

Question 32.     A. who    B. where    C. whose    D. which

Question 33.     A. Otherwise    B. Moreover    C. Therefore    D. However

Question 34.    A. permitted    B. refused    C. applied    D. received

Question 35.     A. employment    B. employer    C. employee    D. unemployed

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.

The concept of being environmentally conscious, or “green”, has become more prevalent in twenty first-century U.S culture. It has begun to affect the manufacturing of everything from non- toxic household cleaning products to motor vehicles powered by alternative sources of energy. However, one way of being “green” that is perhaps not as apparent to the viewer but of equal importance in being environmentally conscious, is the construction of buildings that are considered “sustainable”. Sustainable buildings are those that do not impose on the environment or rely on the over-utilization of energy or natural resources. There are four main principles of sustainability, which includes consideration of the health and stability of all living things and their environmental diversity, as well as the economic opportunities of humanity.

Sustainable architecture consists of environmentally conscious design techniques. In the past, the demolition of an old building meant that all or most of the debris of the building would end up in a landfill or a waste disposal site. Today, architects can plan and design a building that uses recycled materials, such as wood, concrete, stone, or metal. These materials are salvaged from the demolition of an older building and can be appropriately incorporated into a new construction. Architects and construction supervisors may also choose to recycle more organic parts of demolished buildings, such as wooden doors, windows and other glass, ceramics, paper, and textiles.

A problem that has often arisen has been with how a site crew-whether it is demolition or

construction crew determines and sorts what is “waste” and what is recyclable. Architects and environmental scientists have to decide whether or not a material is appropriate for use in new construction and how it will impact the environment. They must evaluate the materials from the demolition and determine what those materials contain, and if they meet the standards set by the U.S, government’s Environmental Protection Agency (the EPA). If the debris from the demolition contains hazardous materials that are harmful to the environment or to the consumer, such as asbestos, then the material is not salvageable. Use of the asbestos for insulation and as a form of fire retardation in buildings and fabrics was common in the nineteenth century. Asbestos was once used in shingles on the sides of buildings, as well as in the insulation in the interior walls of homes or other construction. In new “green” construction, insulation that once asbestos- based can be replaced with recycled denim or constructed with cellulose-a fibrous material found in paper products. The same-assessment applies to wood or wallboard painted with toxic lead-based paints. In addition, gas-flow regulators and meters on both water and gas heating systems constructed prior to 1961 must be carefully evaluated to determine that they do not contain dangerous substances such as mercury. Mercury can be harmful to humans and the environment if it is spilled during the removal of these devices.

Question 36. The word “prevalent” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to___________.

    A. rare    B. unusual    C. widespread    D. valuable

Question 37. In paragraph 1, the author implies that___________.

    A. some companies manufacture vehicles that are not powered by gasoline

    B. the concept of being green has not influenced manufacture

    C. uses of alternative energy are apparent to the consumer

    D. all buildings impose on the environment

Question 38. According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true?

    A. All construction follows the concept of sustainable architecture.

    B. Sustainable buildings do not overuse electricity, oil, or gas.

    C. Todays cleaning products and appliances harm the environment.

    D. Construction of “green” buildings is an old idea.

Question 39. According to paragraph 2, environmentally conscious design incorporates ________.

    A. safe, organic, recycled materials     B. new wood, stone, or concrete

    C. debris from a demolished building     D. materials from a landfill

Question 40. In paragraph 3, the author mention both demolition and construction crews in order to___________    

    A. give an example of how choosing materials is not easily determined on a site

    B. illustrate the types of crews that sort waste and recyclables

    C. demonstrate that choosing recyclable materials is challenging for both crews 

    D. contrast the work of the two types of crews on a site

Question 41. The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to___________.

    A. the EPA

    B. the site crew

    C. architects and environmental scientists

    D. the materials from the demolition

Question 42. In paragraph 3, the author mentions all of the following hazardous materials found in a debris from a demolition site EXCEPT___________.

    A. cellulose    B. mercury    C. asbestos    D. lead

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.


She wants to be a singer; you think she should go for a long-term career with job security and eventually retire with a good pension. But a new report suggests that in fact she’s the practical one. Why do parents make terrible careers advisers?

Today’s 14 and 15-year-olds are ambitious. They are optimistic about their prospects, but their career ideas are rather vague. Although 80% of them have no intention of following in their parents’ footsteps, 69% still turn to their parents for advice. They look at their working future in a different way to their parents.

A job for life is not in their vocabulary; neither is a dead-end but secure job that is boring but pays the bills. Almost half the boys surveyed expected that their hobbies would lead them into the right sort of job, while most girls seemed determined to avoid traditionally female careers such as nursing.

In the past, this might have counted as bad news. Certainly when I was 15, my guidance counsellors were horrified at my plans to become a writer. I’m glad I didn’t change my plans to suit them. Even so, their faith in rigid career paths was well-founded. In those days, that was the way to get ahead.

But the world has changed. The global economy is not kind to yesterday’s diligent and dependable worker. The future belongs to quick-thinking people who are resourceful, ambitious and can take the initiative. This means that a 14-year-old who sees her working future as a kind of adventure, to be made up as she goes along is not necessarily being unrealistic.

However, she has to have the training and guidance to help her develop the right skills for today’s market; not the rigid preparation for a workplace that disappeared twenty years ago.

Many young people are very aware of the pitfalls of the flexible workplace; they understand that redundancy, downsizing and freelancing are all part of modern working life, but no one is telling them how they might be able to turn the new rules of the employment game to their advantage. This is what they need to know if they are to make a life for themselves.

So what is to be done? A good first step would be to change the way in which schools prepare young people for adult life. The education system is becoming less flexible and more obsessed with traditional skills at just the time that the employment market is going in the opposite direction.

Accurate, up-to-date information on new jobs and qualifications can help guidance counsellors to help their students. Young people need solid information on the sort of training they need to pursue the career of their dreams. Also, a little bit of encouragement can go a long way. If nothing else, a bit of optimism from an adult can serve as an antidote to the constant criticism of teenagers in the press.

What, then, can we as parents do to help them? The best thing is to forget all the advice that your parents gave you, and step into your teenagers shoes. Once you’ve done that, it’s easier to see how important it is that they learn how to be independent, resourceful and resilient. Give them the courage to follow their dreams -however odd they might sound right now. In a world that offers economic security to almost no one, imagination is a terrible thing to waste.

Question 43. What is the writer’s attitude to the changing job market?

    A. It is a challenge that must be faced.

    B. It had made too many people unemployed.

    C. It is something that young people are afraid of.

    D. It has had a negative effect on education.

Question 44. How does the writer think the global economy has affected the employment market?

    A. Workers have to be willing to change jobs.

    B. Workers are unlikely to receive a pension.

    C. It has made workers less dependable.

    D. It has made work more adventurous.

Question 45. The writer uses the phrase “aware of the pitfalls” to show that young people___________    

    A. feel that modern jobs are too flexible     B. know about the problems of modern jobs

    C. don’t think they get enough training     D. accept that they will be made redundant

Question 46. What kind of employment would teenagers like to have?

    A. A job similar to their parents.    B. A job that gives them fulfillment.

    C. A job that can also be a hobby.    D. A job with economic security.

Question 47. The writer feels that most parents___________    

    A. give their children good career advice

    B. do not tend to be particularly ambitious

    C. have very traditional views about work

    D. have realistic goals for their children

Question 48. How can parents help their children?

    A. By trying to think the way they do     B. By learning to be courageous

    C. By ignoring advice given by others     D. By becoming more independent

Question 49. what does the writer believe about her guidance counsellors?

    A. That they should have treated her better.     B. That the advice they gave was wrong 

    C. That they were in some ways right.     D. That they had tried to ruin her career.

Question 50. What does the writer feel will happen if the education system does not change?

    A. Young people will be discouraged from working.

    B. Young people will receive mover criticism in the press, 

    C.  Young people will be unable to fulfill their potential.

    D. Young people will not be optimistic about their future.


________THE END_________