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HOC24.VN 1 LUYỆN ĐỀ THI THỬ THPT QG 2018 ĐỀ SỐ 05 Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. Question 1: A. chamber B. ancient C. danger D. ancestor Question 2: A. smoothly B. southern C. breath D. airworthy Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. Question 3: A. operation B. supervision C. reinforce D. committee Question 4: A. overlook B. influential C. furniture D. oceanic Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. Question 5: The foreign (A) student advisor recommended that she studied (B) more English before enrolling (C) at the (D) university. Question 6: Tourists (A) are not permitted entering (B) the park after (C) twenty-four hundred hours for security (D). Question 7: In (A) a hot, sunny climate, man acclimatizes by eating (B) less, drinking more liquids (C), wearing lighter clothing, and experience (D) a darkening of the skin. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 8: I had to pay the fine, _____. A. didn’t I B. hadn’t I C. wouldn’t I D. don’t I Question 9: What a dangerous thing to do! You _____ have been killed. A. may B. can C. must D. might Question 10: Ludwig van Beethoven is considered one of the greatest composers _____. A. to live B. when living C. who ever lived D. while he was still living Question 11: Scarcely _____ when the fight broke out. A. he arrived B. he had arrived C. did he arrive D. had he arrived Question 12: Up _____ and the people cheered. A. went the balloon B. did the balloon go C. had the balloon go D. has the balloon gone Question 13: I’d love to try and make that cake. Have you got a(n) _____ for it? A. receipt B. prescription C. ingredient D. recipe Question 14: At first he didn’t agree, but in the end we managed to bring him _____ to our point of view. HOC24.VN 2 A. up B. over C. round D. back Question 15: You’ve got to be _____ certain before you decide. A. deadly B. deathly C. dead D. dearly Question 16: His business is growing so fast that he must take _____ more workers. A. up B. over C. on D. out Question 17: The forecast has revealed that the world’s reserves of fossil fuel will have _____ by 2015 A. taken over B. caught up C. used off D. run out Question 18: She had to hand in her notice _____ advance when she decided to leave the job A. with B. from C. in D. to Question 19: If you have anything important to do, do it straight away. Don’t put it _____ . A. on B. off C. over D. up Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. Question 20: – Sorry, do I know you? _____? A. Fine, thanks. And you B. How do you do C. We’ve met before, haven’t we D. Are your luggages these ones Question 21: – _____? – No, that’s Helen’s. A. Is this your luggage B. Are these your luggages C. Is your luggage red D. Are your luggages these ones Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: Because the jury had reached a deadlock, the judge called for a retrial. A. reduction B. disagreement C. impasse D. verdict Question 23: His tenacious personality made him top salesperson in the company. A. explosive B. charming C. tenable D. persistent Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 24: In remote communities, it’s important to replenish stocks before the winter sets in. A. remake B. empty C. refill D. repeat Question 25: There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned. A. clear B. obvious C. thin D. insignificant Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions. HOC24.VN 3 Question 26: Were it not for the money, this job wouldn’t be worthwhile A. This job is not rewarding at all. B. This job offers a poor salary. C. Although the salary is poor, the job is worthwhile. D. The only thing that makes this job worthwhile is the money. Question 27: At no time did the two sides look likely to reach an agreement A. The two sides had no time to reach an agreement. B. The two sides never looked likely to reach an agreement C. If the two sides had had time, they would have reached an agreement D. The two sides never look like each other Question 28: No matter how hard Fred tried to start the car, he didn’t succeed. A. Fred tried very hard to start the car, and succeeded. B. However hard Fred tried, he couldn’t start the car. C. It’s hard for Fred to start the car because he never succeeded. D. Fred tried hard to start the car, and with success. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 29: The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few customers A. In order to get more business, the new restaurant should improve its appearance. B. The new restaurant would have more customers if it looked better. C. If it had a few more customers, the new restaurant would look better. D. In spite of its appearance, the new restaurant does not appear to attract much business. Question 30: No one but the experts was able to realize that the painting was an imitation. It greatly resembled the original. A. It was obvious that only a person with great talent could fake a painting so successfully. B. It was almost impossible for amateurs to realize that the painting was not authentic, though the experts could judge it quite easily. C. The painting looked so much like the authentic one that only the experts could tell it wasn’t genuine. D. It was hard for ordinary people to judge between the fake painting and the real one. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35. There has been an outbreak of avian influenza, better known as bird flu in Asia recently. The first (1) _____ died two weeks ago in Vietnam and there have been the cases reported since in Thailand, and there are some suspected cases in Cambodia as well as. HOC24.VN 4 Wild birds are affected by a large number of flu viruses, just as the humans and other animals are, but they are normally exclusive to birds. If the viruses manage to mutate, they can to jump the species barrier and infect human beings. The first case (2) _____ someone died was in Hong Kong in 1997. There are the several different forms of bird flu, ranging from mild to very (3) _____ infections, which spreading rapidly and kill many of the birds they infect. It is spread by wild birds-ducks, in particular – which carry the virus, but aren't killed by it. They can spread the virus to farm birds through (4) _____ contact or by the contaminating water supplies. World Health Organization officials have attributed the spread of bird flu to human contact with the droppings of infected birds and (5) _____ sanitation. There was no evidence at first that the virus spread from person to person, though there has been a case of this happening being investigated by scientists. Question 31: A. victim B. casualty C. sufferer D. infector Question 32: A. where B. when C. which D. why Question 33: A. strict B. severe C. serious D. heavy Question 34: A. direct B. straight C. immediate D. square Question 35: A. awful B. bad C. terrible D. poor Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 16 to 42. Very few people in the modern world obtain their food supply by hunting and gathering in the natural environment surrounding their homes. This method of harvesting from nature’s provision is the oldest subsistence strategy, and has been practiced for at least the last two million years. It was, indeed, the only way to obtain food until rudimentary farming and the domestication of wild animals were introduced about 10,000 years ago. Because hunter-gatherers have fared poorly in comparison with their agricultural cousins, their numbers have dwindled, and they have been forced to live in marginal environments, such as deserts and arctic wastelands. In higher latitudes, the shorter growing season has restricted the availability of plant life. Such conditions have caused a greater independence on hunting, and along the coasts and waterways, on fishing. The abundance of vegetation in the lower latitudes of the tropics, on the other hand, has provided a greater opportunity for gathering a variety of plants. In short, the environmental differences have restricted the diet and have limited possibilities for the development of subsistence societies. Contemporary hunter-gatherers may help us understand our prehistoric ancestors. We know from observation of modern hunter-gatherers in both Africa and Alaska that society based on hunting and gathering must be very mobile. While the entire community camps in a central location, a smaller party harvests the food within a reasonable distance from the camp. When the food in the area is exhausted, the community moves on to exploit another site. We also notice seasonal migration on patterns evolving for most hunter-gatherers, along with a strict division of HOC24.VN 5 labor between sexes. These patterns of behavior may be similar to those practiced by mankind during the Paleolithic Period. Question 36: With which of the following topics is the passage primarily concerned? A. The Paleolithic period B. Subsistence farming C. Hunter-gatherers D. Marginal environment Question 37: Which is the oldest subsistence strategy? A. Migrating B. Domesticating animals C. Farming D. Hunting and gathering Question 38: The word “rudimentary” is closet in meaning to _____. A. rough B. preliminary C. ancient D. backward Question 39: When was hunting and gathering introduced? A. 1,000,000 years ago B. 2,000,000 years ago C. 10,000 years ago D. 2,000 years ago Question 40: What conditions exist in the lower latitude? A. Greater dependence on hunting. B. More coats and waterways for fishing. C. A shorter growing season. D. A large variety of plant life. Question 41: The word “mobile” in the passage can be replaced by _____. A. transportable B. carried C. movable D. portable Question 42: Which of the following is not mentioned in the above passage? A. More and more people in the modern time live on the food they gather in the natural environment around their homes. B. The more vegetable in the lower latitude in the tropics there is, the greater opportunity for gathering plants there are. C. Because of the shorter growing season in higher latitude, the availability of plants is limited. D. The environmental differences result in restricted diet. Read the following passage on transport, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50. Quite different from storm surges are the giant sea waves called tsunamis, which derive their name from the Japanese expression for “high water in a harbor.” These waves are also referred to by the general public as tidal waves, although they have relatively little to do with tides. Scientists often referred to them as seismic sea waves, far more appropriate in that they do result from undersea seismic activity. Tsunamis are caused when the sea bottom suddenly moves, during an underwater earthquake or volcano for example, and the water above the moving earth is suddenly displaced. This sudden shift of water sets off a series of waves. These waves can travel great distances at speeds close to 700 kilometers per hour. In the open ocean, tsunamis have little noticeable amplitude, often no more than HOC24.VN 6 one or two meters. It is when they hit the shallow waters near the coast that they increase in height, possibly up to 40 meters. Tsunamis often occur in the Pacific because the Pacific is an area of heavy seismic activity. Two areas of the Pacific well accustomed to the threat of tsunamis are Japan and Hawaii. Because the seismic activity that causes tsunamis in Japan often occurs on the ocean bottom quite close to the islands, the tsunamis that hit Japan often come with little warning and can, therefore, prove disastrous. Most of the tsunamis that hit the Hawaiian Islands, however, originate thousands of miles away near the coast of Alaska, so these tsunamis have a much greater distance to travel and the inhabitants of Hawaii generally have time for warning of their imminent arrival. Tsunamis are certainly not limited to Japan and Hawaii. In 1755, Europe experienced a calamitous tsunami, when movement along the fault lines near the Azores caused a massive tsunami to sweep onto the Portuguese coast and flood the heavily populated area around Lisbon. The greatest tsunami on record occurred on the other side of the world in 1883 when the Krakatoa volcano underwent a massive explosion, sending waves more than 30 meters high onto nearby Indonesian islands; the tsunami from this volcano actually traveled around the world and was witnessed as far away as the English Channel. Question 43: The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses _____. A. tides B. underwater earthquakes C. storm surges D. tidal waves Question 44: According to the passage, all of the following are true about tidal waves except that _____. A. they are the same as tsunamis B. they refer to the same phenomenon as seismic sea waves C. they are caused by sudden changes in high and low tides D. this terminology is not used by the scientific community Question 45: The word “displaced” in line 6 is closet in meaning to _____. A. located B. moved C. filtered D. not pleased Question 46: It can be inferred from the passage that tsunamis _____. A. are often identified by ships on the ocean B. are far more dangerous on the coast than in the open ocean C. causes serve damage in the middle if the ocean D. generally reach heights greater than 40 meters Question 47: In line 9, water that is “shallow” is NOT _____. A. coastal B. tidal C. clear D. deep Question 48: A main difference between tsunamis in Japan and in Hawaii is that tsunamis in Japan are more likely to _____. HOC24.VN 7 A. arrive without warning B. originate in Alaska C. be less of a problem D. come from greater distances Question 49: The possessive “their” in line 15 refers to _____. A. these tsunamis B. thousands of miles C. the inhabitants of Hawaii D. the Hawaii Islands Question 50: The passage suggests that the tsunamis resulting from the Krakatoa volcano _____. A. resulted in little damage B. caused volcanic explosions in the English Channel C. actually traveled around the world D. was unobserved outside of the Indonesian islands