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HOC24.VN 1 ĐỀ SỐ 3 ĐỀ THI ĐÁNH GIÁ NĂNG LỰC HIỆN TẠI MÔN: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề Đề thi gồm 06 trang uuuuu H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three In pronunciation in each of the following questions Question 1: A. justice B. campus C. culture D. brush Question 2: A. angry B. abandon C. calendar D. danger H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions Question 3: A. inflation B. maximum C. applicant D. character Question 4: A. compulsory B. biography C. curriculum D. admirable H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions Question 5: All of (A) the book (B) were very interesting. I am (C) surprised you (D) didn't like it. Question 6: He (A) passed the exams (B) with high scores, (C) that made his parents (D) happy. Question 7: (A) The longer the children (B) waited in (C) the long queue, the more (D) impatiently they became H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. Question 8: I haven't met him again since we ________ school ten years ago. A. have left B. leave C. left D. had left Question 9: A recent survey has shown that increasing number of men are willing to share the housework with their wives. A. a B. an C. the D. some Question 10: The more demanding the job is, ________ I like it. A. more B. most C. the more D. the most Question 11: John wanted to know ________ in my family. A. there were how many people B. how many people were there C. were there how many people D. how many people there were Question 12: Richard, my neighbor, ________ in World War II. A. says to fight B. says to have fought C. is said to fight D. is said to have fought Question 13: Students are ________ less pressure as a result of changes in testing procedures. A. under B. above C. upon D. out of Question 14: Tom is getting ever keener on doing research on ________ , A. biology B. biological C. biologist D. biologically Question 15: Many people and organizations have been making every possible effort in order to save ________ species. HOC24.VN 2 A. endangered B. dangerous C. fearful D. threatening Question 16: A number of young teachers nowadays ________ themselves to teaching disadvantaged children. A. offer B. stick C. give D. devote Question 17: Whistling or clapping hands to get someone's attention is considered ________ and even rude in some circumstances. A. suitable B. unnecessary C. appropriate D. impolite Question 18: Much of our knowledge about prehistoric animals comes from the study of ________. A. arte facts B. relics C. fossils D. ruins Question 19: Both kindness and firmness are needed to ________ domestic animals successfully. A. educate B. practice C. tutor D. train H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. Question 20: Two friends Diana and Anne are talking about Anne's new blouse. - Diana: - That blouse suits you perfectly Anne. - Anne: - ________ A. Never mind. B. Don't mention it. C. Thank you. D. You're welcome. Question 21: Mary is talking to a porter in the hotel lobby. - Porter: - Shall I help you with your suitcase? - Mary: - ________ A. Not a chance. B. That's very kind of you. C. I can't agree more. D. What a pity! H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 22: A number of programs have been initiated to provide food and shelter for the underprivileged in the remote areas of the country. A. rich citizens B. active members C. poor inhabitants D. enthusiastic people Question 23: Environmentalists appeal to the government to enact laws to stop factories from discharging toxic chemicals into the sea. A. releasing B. producing C. obtaining D. dismissing H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. Question 24: We ought to keep these proposals secret from the chairman for the time being. A. lively B. frequent C. accessible D. revealed Question 25: Now, when so many frogs were killed, there were more and more insects. A. lesser and lesser B. fewer and fewer C. lesser and fewer D. less and less H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions. Question 26: No one in our club can speak English as fluently as Mai. HOC24.VN 3 A. Mai is the worst English speaker in our club. B. Mai speaks English the most fluently in our club. C. Mai speaks English as fluently as other people in our club. D. Mai speaks English more fluently than no one in our club. Question 27: They built their house 15 years ago. A. Their house has been built ISyears ago. B. Their house was built 15 years ago. C. 15 years ago their house are built. D. Their house is built 15 years ago Question 28: "Please don't leave until I come back," Sarah said. A. Sarah told us do not leave until she comes back. B. Sarah asked us do not leave until she came back. C. Sarah told us not to leave until she came back. D. Sarah said to us not to leave until she comes back. H Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. Question 29: She buys a lot of new dresses every month. She always dresses shabbily. A. However a lot of new dresses she buys every month, she always dresses shabbily. B. However many new dresses she buys every month, she always dresses shabbily. C. Many as new dresses she buys every month, she always dresses shabbily. D. She always dresses shabbily although she buys a lot of new dresses. Question 30: He is very intelligent. He can solve all the problems in no time. A. So intelligent is he that he can solve all the problems in no time. B. He is very intelligent that he can solve all the problems in no time. C. An intelligent student is he that he can solve all the problems in no time. D. So intelligent a student is he that he can solve all the problems in no time. H Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35. Library is a collection of books and other informational materials made available to people for reading, study, or reference. The central mission of a library is to collect, organize, preserve, and provide access to knowledge and information. In fulfilling this mission, libraries preserve a valuable record of culture that can be passed down to (31) ________ generations. Libraries are an essential link in this communication between the past, present, and future. Whether the cultural record is contained in books or in electronic formats, libraries ensure (32) ________ the record is preserved and made available for later use. People use library resources to gain information about personal (33) ________ or to obtain recreational materials such as films and novels. Students use libraries to supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, to learn (34) ________ in locating sources of information, and to develop good reading and study habits. Public officials use libraries to research legislation and public policy issues. One of the most valued of all cultural institutions, the library (35) ________ information and services that are essential to learning and progress. From "Library (institution)" by Richard S. Halsey et al. HOC24.VN 4 Question 31: A. success B. succeeding C. succeed D. successful Question 32: A. that B. which C. what D. who Question 33: A. appeals B. interests C. profits D. attractions Question 34: A. skills B. talents C. capabilities D. abilities Question 35: A. relates B. digests C. supplies D. apohes H Read the following passage and Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42. Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effects of global warming. Scientists have already observed shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due to warmer temperatures. With further warming, animals will tend to migrate towards the poles and up mountainsides towards higher elevations. Plants will also attempt to shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grew too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther north to go. Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extinction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, may not be able to adjust quickly enough and may disappear. Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to “bleach", a state which if prolonged will lead to the death of the coral. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead to widespread bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification further stresses ocean ecosystems. From “Global Warming" by Michael Mastrandrea and Stephen H. Schneider Question 36: Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to ________ A. bloom earlier B. lose color C. die instantly D. become lighter Question 37: The pronoun “those" in paragraph 2 refers to ________ . A. species B. ecosystems C. habitats D. areas Question 38: It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celsius degrees ________ , A. water supply would decrease by 50 percent B. the sea level would rise by 20 centimeters C. 20 to 50 percent of species could become extinct D. half of the earth's surface would be flooded HOC24.VN 5 Question 39: According to the passage, if some species are not able to adjust quickly to warmer temperatures, ________ . A. they may be endangered B. they can begin to develop, C. they will certainly need water D. they move to tropical forests. Question 40: The word "fragile” in paragraph 4 most probably means ________ . A. very large B. easily damaged C. rather strong D. pretty hard Question 41: The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by ________ . A. the rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the ocean B. the decrease of acidity of the pole waters C. the extinction of species in coastal areas. D. the loss of acidity in the atmosphere around the earth Question 42: What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Influence of climate changes on human lifestyles. B. Effects of global warming on animals and plants C. Global warming and possible solutions D. Global warming and species migration H Read the following passage and Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50 Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population density, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple farming, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can support only small numbers of people because these labour intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food. In developed countries such as the United States, Japan, and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantities of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This form of production provides enough food to support the high densities of people in metropolitan areas. A country's level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population density and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world's highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people of Bangladesh engage in low - productivity manual farming, which contributes to the country's extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller I Thi thử nhiều để hơn với hệ thống thi thử Online megatestcom.vn countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practise mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living. At the other end of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practise manual subsistence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology to HOC24.VN 6 boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United Slates has both relatively low population density and high agricultural productivity; it is one of the world's wealthiest nations. High birth rates contribute to overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets to many poor families because the provide labour, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large families. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financial or political, for family planning; even people who wish to keep their families small have difficulty doing so. For all these reasons, developing countries lend to have high rates of population growth. Question 43: Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1? A. Overpopulation B. Population density C. Simple farming D. Poverty Question 44: What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities? A. Available resources B. Skilled labor C. Farming methods D. Land area Question 45: In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because ________ . A. there is lack of mechanization B. there are small numbers of labourers C. there is an abundance of resources D. there is no shortage of skilled labour Question 46: Bangladesh is a country where the level of poverty depends greatly on ________. A. its population density only B. both population density and agricultural productivity C. population density in metropolitan areas D. its high agricultural productivity Question 47: The word “infertile" in paragraph 4 probably means ________ . A. disused B. impossible C. unproductive D. inaccessible Question 48: Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage? A. In certain developed countries, mechanized farming is applied. B. In sub-Saharan African countries, productivity is boosted by technology. C. There is no connection between a country's culture and overpopulation. D. All small countries in Western Europe have high population densities. Question 49: Which of the following is a contributor to overpopulation in many developing countries? A. High-tech facilities B. Economic resources C. Sufficient financial support D. High birth rate Question 50: Which of the following could be the best title for the passage? A. High Birth Rate and its Consequences B. Overpopulation: A Cause of Poverty C. Overpopulation: A Worldwide Problem D. Poverty in Developing Countries