We'd prefer you not to smoke
-> We'd rather
Decide which of the options (A, B, C, or D) is the best answer.
Everyone wants to reduce (28) _____. But the pollution problem is as complicated as it is (29)____. It is compltcated because much pollution is caused by things that benefit people. For example, (30)_____ from automobiles causes large percentage (31)______air pollution.
But the automobike provides transportation to millions of people. (32)_____ discharge much of the material that pollutes air and water, but factories give employment to a large number of people. Thus, to end or greatly (33)_____ pollution immediately people would have to stop using many things that benefit them. Most people do not want to do that, of course. But pollution can be
gradually reduced in several ways. (34)______ and engineers can work to find ways to lessen the amount of pollution that such things as automobiles and factories cause. Governments can pass and enforce laws that (35)_____ businesses and individuals to stop, or cut down on certain polluting activities.
28. A. pollute B. pollution C. polluted D. polluting
29. A. seriousness B. serious C. seriously D. serioused
30. A. exhaust B. exhausted C. exhaustedly D. exhauster
31. A. to B. with C. in D. of
32. A. Hills B. Mountains C. Factories D. Rivers
33. A. reducing B. reduced C. reduce D. reduction
34. A. Doctors B. Engineers C. Workers D. Scientists
35. A. require B. Requires C. required D. requiring
Read the following passage and choose the best answers.
I often hear or read about “natural disaster”- the eruption of Mount St Helen, a volcano in the state of Washington: Hurricane Andrew in Florida; the floods in the American Midwest; terrible earthquakes all over the world; huge fires; and so on. But I’ll never forget my first personal experience with the strangeness of nature – “the London Killer Fog” of 1952. It began on Thursday, December 4th when a high –pressure system (warm air) cover southern England. With the freezing-cold air below, heavy fog formed. Pollution from factories, cars, and coal stoves mixed with the fog. The humidity was terribly high, there was no breeze at all. Traffic (cars, trains, and boats) stopped. People couldn’t see, and some walked onto the railroad tracks or into the river. It was hard to breathe, and many people got sick. Finally on Tuesday, December 9th, the wind came and the fog went away. But after that, even more people got sick, many of them died.
1. 1. Which natural disaster isn’t mentioned in the text?
A. a volcanic eruption B. a flood C. a hurricane D. a tornado
1. 2. What is his unforgettable person experience?
A. the London killer B. the heavy fog in London
C. the strangeness of nature D. a high-pressure system
1. 3. What didn’t happen during the time of the “London Killer Fog”?
A pollution B. humidity C. heavy rain D. heavy fog
1. 4. The traffic stopped because of _________.
A. The rain B. the windy weather C. the humid weather D. the heavy fog
Rewrite the following setences as directed.
23. Although his leg was broken, he managed to get out of the car. (use Despite)
24. The storm destroyed the town completely. (change into passive)
25. We don’t go on cleaning up the beach because it starts raining. (use conditional sentences type 2)
26. “Good morning! How are you today?” Nam said to me. (use reported speech)
27. Lan goes to the bookshop to buy a dictionary. (make question for the underline part)
Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently.
1. 1. A. media B. deny C. remote D. response
2. 2. A. pity B. wide C. violent D. variety
3. 3. A. shore B. sand C. sugar D. share
Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others.
1. 4. A. internet B. telegraph C. recycle D. wonderful
2. 5. A. dynamite B. pesticide C. interactive D. achievement
Choose the word (A, B, C or D) that best completes the sentence.
6. People can get the latest ________and enjoy interesting programs on TV.
A. newspaper B. website C. news D. data
7. ________ from factories is one cause of water pollution.
A. waste B. materials C. treasure D. products
8. Don’t spend much time________ the Internet, will you?
A. to surf B. to play C. playing D. surfing
9. I can’t easily get access________ the Internet because of living in the country.
A. for B. to C. into D. about
10. We should put garbage bins around here to prevent lazy students________throwing trash.
A. for B. against C. from D. away
11. In order to save time, they decided to ride ________the forest.
A. over B. to C. for D. through
12. Let’s do something to protect the environment, ________?
A. shall we B. shall I C. don’t you D. shan’t we
13. I am the youngest student here, ________?
A. aren’t I B. am not I C. aren’t you D. am I
14. You should avoid________ in such a dangerous river.
A. swim B. to swim C. sitting D. swimming
15. I think that most children are creative enough to write________ poems.
A. beauty B. beautiful C. beautifully D. beautify
16. If we don’t go on littering, the environment ________ cleaner and cleaner.
A. is becoming B. could become C. would become D. will become
17. They wanted their school________ more beautiful and attractive.
A. become B. to become C. becoming D. becomes
18. I have already heard of the violent earthquake which caused terrible________.
A. destruction B. destroy C. destructive D. destroyer
19. He is going to the post office ________ he wants to send some postcards to his friends.
A. as B. however C. and D. although
20. She will save a lot of money________ she uses energy-saving bulbs.
A. but B. if C. although D. unless
21. When he was a little boy, he used to going swimming.
A B C D
22. You rarely drink tea, don’t you?
A B C D
A. Choose the correct sentence which has the same meaning as the given one.
Question 32: They decided to go for a picnic in spite of the cold weather.
A. Although the weather was cold, they decided to go for a picnic.
B. It was very cold so they decided to go for a picnic.
C. If it had been cold, they would not have gone for a picnic.
D. Because it was very cold, they decided to go for a picnic.
Question 33: Both Peter and Mary enjoy scientific expedition.
A. It is not Peter, but Mary, that enjoys scientific expedition.
B. Peter enjoys scientific expedition. Therefore, does Mary.
C. However Peter enjoys scientific expedition and Mary does.
D. Peter enjoys scientific expedition, and so does Mary.
Question 34: He cannot afford a new computer.
A. So, he would buy a new computer.
B. The new computer is so expensive but he can buy it.
C. The new computer is so expensive that he cannot buy it.
D. Therefore, he would buy a new computer.
Question 35: Because of the interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.
A. I stayed up all night to finish the novel, therefore, it was interesting.
B. Unless it were an interesting novel, I would stay up all night to finish it.
C. Though it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.
D. Because it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.
A. Read the following passage. Choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) to complete the passage.
We can (41) __________other people in many different ways. We can talk and write, and we can send messages with our hands and faces. There is also the phone (including the mobile!), the fax, and e-mail. Television, film, painting, and photography can also communicate ideas.
Animals have ways of (42) __________ information, too. Bees dance and tell other bees where to find food. Elephants make sounds that humans can’t hear. Whales sing songs. Monkeys use their faces to show anger and love. But this is nothing (43) __________ to what people can do. We have language – about 6,000 languages, in fact. We can write poetry, tell jokes, make promises, explain, persuade, tell the truth, or tell lies. And we have a sense of past and future, not just present.
Radio, film, and television (44) __________ a huge influence on society in the last hundred years. And now we have the Internet, which is infinite. But what is this doing to this? We can give and get a lot of information very quickly. But there is (45) __________ information that it is difficult to know what is important and what isn’t. Modern media is changing our world every minute of every day.
Question 41: A. talk to B. talk with C. communicate to D. communicate with
Question 42: A. changing B. transferring C. exchanging D. giving
Question 43: A. compare B. comparing C. is compared D. compared
Question 44: A . have B. have had C. are having D. had
Question 45: A. so much B. such much C. so many D. too much
A. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the others in each line.
Question 1. A. laughed B. contained C. established D. talked
Question 2. A. delights B. tasks C. loves D. hopes
Question 3. A. dune B. hummock C. shrub D. buffalo
B. Choose the word that has stress pattern different from that of the other words.
Question 4. A. extinction B. animal C. classify D. primary
Question 5. A. addition B. endanger C. medicine D. survival
II- VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR NOTES
Choose A, B, C or D that best completes the unfinished sentence.
Question 6: Is Miss Wilson very fond _______ French food? - No, she is not used _______ having French food.
A. over / with B. in / about C. of / to D. off / for
Question 7: I am afraid that the company is in deep trouble. ________, we are going to make some people redundant.
A. Therefore B. However C. But D. And
Question 8: To _____ a desert is a dangerous activity which requires careful preparations for risks.
A. circle B. remain C. explore D. comprise
Question 9: Lan: “Are you American?” – John: “__________”
A. Sorry! B. Yes? C. Excuse me? D. Pardon?
Question 10: Look _______! The tree is going to fall.
A. off B. in C. over D. out
Question 11: Maria tried to read a novel in French ________ the book was too difficult for her to understand.
A. and B. but C. therefore D. so that
Question 12: Scientific ________ helps to explore some places and discover more and more remote parts of the world.
A. survey B. research C. lead D. expedition
Question 13: Most deserts are enormous sandy areas.
A. narrow B. mysterious C. aerial D. immense
Question 14: The Simpson Desert was named _______ Mr. Simpson, President of the South Australian Branch of the Royal Geographical Society of Australia.
A. for B. with C. at D. after
Question 15: I must say that you have done very well. ________, you should be aware that you still have a lot of things to learn.
A. But B. So C. Therefore D. However
Question 16: The Sahara contains complex linear dunes that are ________ by almost 6 kilometers.
A. lay B. located C. separated D. developed
Question 17: The hill was so ________ that it took us more than five hours to climb up.
A. sloping B. enormous C. arid D. stable
Question 18: A ________ is a large animal that lives in deserts and is used for carrying goods and people.
A. camel B. horse C. donkey D. cow
Question 19 .That's a very nice dress you're wearing. - “________________________ “
A. That's nice B. I'm glad you like it C. That's all right D. You're quite right
Question 20: ________, I cannot keep pace with Johnny.
A. So I have tried hard B. However hard have I tried
C. I have tried hard so D. However hard I have tried
Question 21: Deserts are often composed of ________ and rocky surfaces.
A. trees B. oil C. water D. sand
Question 22: Three great stretches of sandy deserts almost circle the center of Australia.
A. lands B. valleys C. areas D. dunes
Question 23: According _______ Bill, there's something wrong _______ my computer.
A. on / about B. after / for C. to / with D. upon / at
Question 24: Deserts are also classified by their ________ location and dominant weather pattern.
A. sandy B. geographical C. aerial D. facial
Question 25: He is only sixteen, and ________, he is not eligible to drive a car.
A. therefore B. nevertheless C. however D. but
Question 26: A _______ is a landscape or region that receives very little precipitation.
A. sandy area B. dune C. shrub land D. desert
Question 27: He told me not to do it; ________, I did it.
A. Therefore B. However C. So D. But
Question 28: Thanks to pictures taken by satellites, deserts have not _______ a mystery in our time.
A. intended B. attained C. remained D. hidden
Question 29: ________ Sahara of ________ Africa is the world's largest desert.
A. Ø / the B. The / Ø C. A / an D. The / an
Question 30: We used to climb up the crest of the hill to get a good view of the surroundings.
A. foot B. face C. top D. middle
Question 31: Not all teenagers are well ……………. for their future job when they are at high school.
A. interested B. satisfied C. concerned D. prepared