Unit 7: Cultural Diversity

Lê Thị Thu Hà

1.is your house much far /farther.

2.who is the oldest/eldest news?

3.your driving is worse/ worst than mine.

Minh Hoàng Phạm
Minh Hoàng Phạm 5 tháng 4 2020 lúc 16:48

1.is your house much far /farther.

2.who is the oldest/eldest news?

3.your driving is worse/ worst than mine.

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Quan Nguyen
TEST 1 (UNIT 7) I. Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined. 1. A. engaged B.favourable C. status D. national 2. A. contrast B.force C. fortune D.Capricorn 3. A.ancestor B.complicated C. reception D. decide II. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others. 4. A. influence B.typical C. dependent D. character 5. A. ritual B.diverse C. affect D. belief III. Choose the best answer A, B, C or D to complete the sentences. 6. People from cultures bring language skills, new ways of thinking, and creative solutions to difficult problems. A.diverse B.diversity C.diversify D.diversification 7. No one knows the real origins of the Chinese representing the cycles of the lunar year. A.stars B.space C.horoscope D.cycle 8. In every culture, there are basic standards for social such as personal space distance, eye contact, amount of body language displayed in public. A.relationship B.relation C.reaction D.interaction 9. UN World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development on May 21st is achance to celebrate the cultural diversity of people around us, and find out more about what we have . A.in common B.as usual C.as normal D.alike 10. Many people believe that the first person who visits their home on the first day of the New Year will their life. A.effect B.affect C.change D.afford 11. Before the wedding, the groom usually asks his best friend to be his , and the bride may have one or more . A.closest man - best maids B.good man - best maids C.best man - bridesmaids D.best man - housemaids 12. In Russia, there is belief that unmarried people should avoid sitting at corner of table because they will find difficulties finding their life partner and will not get married. A.a - a - a B.a - a - the C.a - the - the D.the - the - the 13. In Portugal, walking backwards will bring bad luck, because it paves way for devil to enter. A.a - a B.the - the C.a - the D.the - a 14. Cultural diversity makes our country by making it a place in which to live. A.richer - most interesting B.richer - more interesting C.rich - more interesting D.richest - most interesting 15. There are some things Americans would change, and thing people would change is their education. A.a big B.the C.a bigger D.the biggest IV. Fill in each blank with the correct word from the box. Vietnamese Wedding Customs The wedding consists of several (16) including asking permission to receive the bride, the procession to receive the bride, the procession to the groom's house, the ancestor ceremony, and the banquet party. In the morning, the groom’s mother and a few close relatives would walk to the bride’s house with a present of betel to ask permission to receive the (17) at her house. The date and time of the ceremony is usually determined by a Buddhist monk or fortune teller. In the procession to receive the bride, the groom and his family often carry decorated lacquer boxes covered in red cloth to represent his (18) and which include various (19) for the bride’s family. There are either 6 or 8 boxes, but never 7 because it is bad (20) . After paying their (21) to their ancestors, the bride and groom will serve tea to their parents who will then give them advice regarding (22) and family. During the candle ceremony, the bride and groom’s families union is celebrated and the mother-in-law of the bride will open the boxes filled with jewelry and dress her new daughter-in-law in the jewelry. Finally, the groom officially asks for permission to take his new bride (23) and they make their way back to his house. During the (24) , there is usually a 10-course meal and the bride and groom make their (25) to each table to express their gratitude and also get money as presents. V. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage. Cultural diversity means a (26) of different societies or people of different origins, religions and traditions all living and interacting together. Britain has (27) from diversity throughout its long history and is currently one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. The food they eat, the music they listen to, and the clothes they wear have all been influenced by different (28) coming into Britain. Ethnic food, for example, is part of an average British diet. One of Britain’s favourite (29) is Indian curry. Britons have enjoyed curry for a surprisingly long time - the (30) curry went on an English menu in 1773. Even the English language (31) from the languages spoken by Anglo-Saxons, Scandinavian Vikings and Norman French invaders. New words were (32) from the languages of other immigrants over the years. Valuing the diverse culture is all about understanding and respecting the beliefs of others and their (33) of life, as we would expect someone to respect ours. It is about supporting individuals in keeping their cultural traditions (34) and appreciating the fact that all these different traditions will enrich British life both today and in the future. People from all over the world have (35) to the Britain and they continue to do so. 26. A.range B.limit C.position D.series 27. A.earned B.helped C.benefited D.got 28. A.nations B.cultures C.countries D.population 29. A.food B.foods C.ingredients D.dishes 30. A.first B.only C.even D.just 31. A.developed B.started C. came D. took 32. A.increased B. put C. added D. caught 33. A.quality B. way C. design D. method 34. A. live B. lively C. life D. alive 35. A. achived B. provided C. contributed D. given VI. Read the passage, and choose the correct answer A, B, C or D for each question. While you may not think it at first, there are numerous cultural differences between the US and the UK that you will likely encounter. In general, Americans are much more open than Britons. Friends and even acquaintances discuss personal thoughts and opinions that might seem private in the UK. Do not feel embarrassed if an American asks you a seemingly private question. He or she is most likely sincerely curious about your thoughts and feelings and is assuming you would like to share them. You may learn more about your American friends than you wanted to know, or you may hear more childhood stories than you care to listen to. Americans will be interested in your experiences and background as well since your upbringing may differ greatly from theirs. In addition to more frequent discussion about their personal lives, there is often a greater display of photographs, and posters in dorm rooms or office spaces. The sense of humour differs from one side of the Atlantic to the other. Americans tend to be less dry or sarcastic. Some Americans may feel offended if they do not understand your humour, but after a brief explanation they will be laughing along with you. Americans tend to believe that individuals control their circumstances by how much they work. This work ethic is reflected in American attitudes towards academics. Don’t be surprised if you meet students who spend a vast majority of their free time studying in the library. Americans also tend to care much more for punctuality than their UK counterparts. Everything from classes to a lunch date is expected to start right on time. Along with punctuality, most Americans move at a faster pace than that in the UK. For example, dinners at a restaurant, even a sit-down restaurant, can be finished in under a half-hour. Additionally, you will not have to ask for the bill. It will be brought to you as soon as it is clear to your waiter or waitress that you are finished ordering more items. 36. Americans are more willing to share private matters with you because . A.they would like to ask private questions about others B.they are more open and more curious about things around them C.they try to be more open than Britons in life D.they assume you would like to share everything with them 37. One of the reasons why Americans are interested in your experiences and background is that . A.they would like to tell their childhood stories more than you care to listen to B.they would like to show you their photographs, and posters C.they would like to know about a different upbringing than theirs D.they would like to talk more about their personal lives than anything else 38. The American attitudes toward work or study are that . A.they spend their free time studying anywhere B.individuals should control their behaviours and free time C.they move at a faster pace than in the UK D.they attach more importance to the load of work 39. All of the following about Americans are right EXCEPT . A.most Americans walk faster than those in the UK B.they tend to be more punctual than Britons C.their sense of humour is different than that of Britons D.they’ll be laughing with you if they understand your humour 40. When you come to a restaurant in America, . A.you have to finish dinner in less than half an hour and ask for the bill B.the waiter may bring the bill to you just when you finish ordering dishes C.you should care much more for punctuality than in Britain D.you should show the waiter that you finish ordering in under a half-hour VII. Complete the conversation about cultural differences between Germans and Britons, using the responses (A-G) given. There are two extra ones. A.A study on sleep patterns has shown that Britons sleep an average of eight minutes longer than Germans and spend an extra five minutes in bed, whereas Germans rise straight away and get on with their days. B. In fact, they are perfectionists and want to get things right with everything they undertake. What about Britons? C. That’s right, but Germany has won the World Cup four times, but England only once. D. Germans aren’t very good at small talks, but enthusiastic British small talks can lead others to question how honest they are. E. For the language, there are 35 dialects of the German language, and German is very useful in studying scientific books and materials. G. The British drink more tea than anywhere else in the world. F. I see. German beer is very famous in the world. German people have hard behaviour, and they are more direct in conversations. Student A: Hi! What are you reading? Student B: Hello! I'm reading an article about cultural differences between Germans and Britons. Student A: Sounds interesting! I know that Muller is the most popular surname. How about Britain? Student B: There are over 30,000 people with the name ‘John Smith" in Britain, and a very popular first name is Jack. (41) Student A: Germans are the second largest beer consumers in the world, after the Irish! Student B: (42) Student A: I think British people seems to be more friendly and polite, and it takes them a longer time to get to the point, not as directly as Germans. Student B: I agree with you. I think Germans are very efficient at work. (43) Student A: In my opinion, Britons are intelligent, and they try to be more successful in work than Germans. Student B: Maybe. (44) Student A: English is the most international language in the world, and it has several varieties such as American English, Australian English, Indian English, and so on. England is the home of football. Student B: (45) VIII. Write complete sentences about tea drinking in Viet Nam, using the words/ phrases given in their correct forms. You can add some more necessary words, but you have to use all the words given. 46. Tea drinking/ be/ a tradition/ Vietnamese people/ over three thousand years. 47. There/ many types/ tea/ Viet Nam/ each/ its own unique flavor/ properties. 48. Tea/ can/ divided/ three kinds/ dried tea leaves/ tea combined with herbal remedies/ tea scented with flowers. 49. Unlike/ the Chinese/ Japanese/ the Vietnamese/ love/ taste/ plain tea. 50. For green tea/ people/ prefer/ brewing it/ hot/ strong/ and/ sometimes flavoured/ lotus, or jasmine flowers. TEST 2 (UNIT 7) I. Find the word which has a different sound in the part underlined. 1. A. horoscope B. honeymoon C.income D. money 2. A. legend B. Leo C.lentil D. prestigious 3. A. pursue B.soul C.sweep D. present II. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others. 4. A. personal B. proposal C.cultural D. several 5. A.superstitious B. complicated C.situated D. interestingly III. Choose the best answer A, B, C or D to complete the sentences. 6. In our tradition, when people mention "matter of betel and areca" they are talking about issue. A.marry B.married C.marrying D.marriage 7. Nations where there is much cultural diversity can also sometimes be known as a . A.multicultural society B.cultural uniformity C.multi- ethnic society D.multidimensional problem 8. To many street vendors, the success of their day is determined by how it starts and by their first customer. A.superstition B.superstitious C.superstitiously D.supernatural 9. One Chinese legend has it that the Jade Emperor asked for twelve representatives of the animal species on Earth to be brought to his kingdom. A.heaven B.heavenly C.sky D.space 10. However, another version says the of the 12 animals in the Chinese horoscope was decided thousands of years ago by Buddha, who called for a New Year's meeting of animals. A.order B.position C.place D.plan 11. To the Chinese, 8 is a lucky number, the Vietnamese believe 9 brings luck, and the 1 and 8 of 18, adding up to 9, are considered success. A.although B.when C.while D.or 12. In Netherlands, singing at dinner table means you are singing to devil for your dinner - which means bad luck. A.Ø - a - the B.the - the - the C.Ø - the - the D.the - the - a 13. In Spain, it is believed to be bad luck to enter room with your left foot. A.Ø B.a C.an D.the 14. Cultural diversity makes the United States a interesting place in which to live for all of its inhabitants. A.better B.very more C.so more D.much more 15. Today, Australia is one of diverse countries in the world. A.most cultural B.the most cultural C.the more culturally D.the most culturally IV. Fill in each blank with the correct word from the box. Japanese Wedding Customs The Japanese (16) of "san-san-kudo", the three-by three exchange is rich with (17) . It is performed by the bride and groom and both sets of parents; each person takes 3 sips of sake from each of 3 cups. The first 3 represent three couples, the bride and(18) , and their parents. The second3 representthree human weaknesses: hatred, passion, and ignorance. "Ku" or 9 is a lucky number in Japanese culture, and "do" means escape from the three weaknesses. Another highlight of this ceremony is a rosary with 21 beads that represent the couple, their families and the Buddha all joined on one string to symbolize the (19) of the families. Part of the ceremony involves honoring the parents with (20) of flowers, a toast, or a letter expressing their (21) and gratitude. The crane is a symbol of longevity and prosperity and so 1,001 gold origami cranes are folded to bring (22) , good fortune, longevity, and peace to the marriage. The bride traditionally wears two outfits: the shiro, which is a white kimono worn for the(23) and the uchikake kimono which is a patterned brocade worn at the reception. Plenty of courses are served during the reception, but never in a multiple of four because the number four sounds like the word for (24) . Additionally, the different foods served all have special meanings, for example lobster might be served because red is a (25) color or clams served with both shells symbolize the couple’s union. V. Choose the word or phrase among A, B, C or D that best fits the blank space in the following passage. Giving a birthday present to a Vietnamese (26) that you pay attention to a few cultural (27) of etiquette. You should pay attention to the recipient's tastes and hobbies. Flowers, souvenirs, or an item that your friend like best is suitable for the (28) . Moreover, a birthday gift (29) covered in colorful papers. It is important that you should take care (30) your present. It is best to (31) black which is the signal of (32) in Asian countries, (33) Viet Nam. It is best to wrap your present in bright, cheery colours, like red or pink. In short, choosing a birthday present in Viet Nam is (34) choosing one in other countries. In general, money is not (35) : Vietnamese people honour the phrase - Plenty of money does not count, the heart does. 26. A.asks B.requires C.requests D.tells 27. A.rules B.regulations C.laws D.notes 28. A.condition B.culture C.relation D.situation 29. A.be B.should C.should be D.was 30. A.to wrap B.wrapping C.of wrapping D.for wrapping 31. A.avoid B.allow C.stop D.refuse 32. A. die B.dead C.death D.dying 33. A. include B.including C.included D.and including 34. A. more difficult B.most difficult C.so difficult as D.as difficult as 35. A. trouble B.a problem C.a conflict D.an issue VI. Read the passage, and choose the correct answer A, B, C or D for each question. Why we believe in astrology People believe in astrology because it offers many desirable things such as information and assurance about the future. Astrology claims that nothing in life is coincidental and everything that occurs to us happens for a particular reason. Astrology can provide us some good answers as to why these things happen to us and it can also predict them in advance. In this way, astrology actually helps people to understand the world around them much better. As practiced today, astrology can work quite well. Most of the people who visit astrologers or read their horoscopes regularly end up feeling happy and satisfied. This does not mean that the astrologers have accurately predicted the individuals’ future based on their horoscope dates, but it means that having a horoscope explained can be actually a very fulfilling experience. People enjoy reading their horoscope forecasts and this often leads to changes in personalities, behaviors and decision-making processes. Astrology can be a real lifesaver because it lets you know of the future obstacles and problems in advance. It is up to you whether you want to believe the advice and precautions suggested in a horoscope reading and save yourself from the pain without doing much. Astrology takes into account two major aspects - our birth potential and the effects of the planets and the stars on our personal horoscope. It can help us choose the right career and education path for us, in order to make a good and successful life. Last but not least, we believe in astrology because it’s about us. My horoscope is like a blueprint of my life that got created precisely at the time I was born. That means that my birth chart is as unique as my fingerprints are. Each planet’s placement in my horoscope can reveal a lot about my personality and destiny. 36. Astrology claims that nothing in life is happening by chance because . A.everything that occurs to us happens for no particular reason B.life can provide us some good reasons why these things happen to us C.it can help us predict our life in advance D.people can understand the world around them much better 37. After visiting astrologers, people often feel and satisfied because . A.having a horoscope explained can be a satisfied experience B.they have had their future predicted accurately based on their horoscope dates C.they have had astrologers read their horoscopes regularly D.astrologers help them understand the world much better on their own 38. All of the following about astrology are correct EXCEPT that . A. it lets you know of the future obstacles and problems in advance B. you must believe the advice and precautions suggested in a horoscope reading C. it considers our birth potential and the effects of the stars on our personal horoscope D. it may help us make a good and successful life 39. All of us believe and enjoy in astrology because . A.it can reveal our exact personality and destiny B. we know how our horoscope to be formed at the beginning C. our fingerprints make our birth chart unique in the horoscope D. our horoscope reading is unique based on the planet’s position 40. The word “blueprint” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to . A. a design for a building B. a description of something C. a copy or print of something D.a print of something in blue VII. Complete the conversation about the Vietnamese wedding ceremony, using the sentences (A-G) given. There are two extra ones. A. On the wedding day, the groom’s family and relatives go to the bride’s house with a lot of gifts that are wrapped in beautiful red papers. B. They firmly believe in this date and time so the groom’s family and relatives must come on time. C. The parents of the groom go to the fortune teller to see what date and time is best for them to celebrate the wedding ceremony. D. Traditionally, the reception occurs at their houses, but now many families hold wedding parties at the restaurant. E. On that day, the groom’s family and relatives visit the bride and her family with round lacquered boxes known as betrothal presents which are covered with red cloth and carried by unmarried girls or boys. F. Then, the couple should pray in front of the altar to ask their ancestors for permission for their marriage, then express their gratitude to both groom’s and bride’s parents for raising and protecting them. G. Many Vietnamese couples now have their wedding ceremony done in temples or churches, similar to American and Western style. Maria: Hi, Nick. What are you reading? Nick: Hello, Maria. I'm reading a book about traditional Vietnamese weddings for my group presentation next Monday. Maria: I see. What is the start of a traditional Vietnamese wedding? Nick: As usual, the engagement comes first. (41) Maria: What happens on the engagement day? Nick: (42) Maria: And the wedding day? Does the groom’s family bring some more presents to the bride’s house? Nick: Yes, of course. (43) These gifts are similar to those of the engagement. Maria: I think the people holding these trays are also carefully chosen. Nick: That’s right, Maria. They are usually unmarried young males and females. (44) Maria: It sounds good. Where is the reception usually held? Nick: (45) VIII. Write complete sentences about Vietnamese tea customs, using the words/ phrases given in their correct forms. You can add some more necessary words, but you have to use all the words given. Vietnamese tea customs 46. Vietnamese tea ceremony/ pleasant sign/ hospitality/ deep social importance. 47. In general/ Vietnamese tea drinking tradition/ a bridge/ that/ bring/ people together/ help/ understand/ each other better. 48. During/ Nguyen Dynasty/ tea drinking ritual/ brought/ level of art. 49. Tea drinking/ customary practice/ wedding and engagement ceremonies. 50. Marrying couples/ use/ ritual of drinking tea/ wedding ceremony/ express/ their affection/ each other.  

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