Luyện thi phổ thông trung học phổ thông quốc gia 2017

violet

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Hé lô các em. Cô tới có muộn quá không nhỉ? Để tạ lỗi với các em, cô xin tặng các em 20 câu hỏi Reading warm-up bắt đầu chặng đường ôn thi THPTQG cùng hoc24 nhé!

 

Passage 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 1 to 5.

Left-handers are the odd ones out. Sure, lefties (1) ______up about 10 percent of the population - but, frankly, it seems like society has forgotten about them. Just consider all of the right-handed gadgets, awkwardly designed desks, and cooking tools that fit comfortably only in your right hand. What (2) ______someone to become a lefthand? Scientists aren’t exactly sure, but research points to a complex (3) ______between genes and environment While no exact set of “leftie genes” have been discovered, people who dominantly use their left hands do have more left-handed family members. And researchers have found different brain wirings in righties vs. lefties. But no matter (4) ______it is that drives someone to use their antipodal paw, science has also uncovered a particular set of personality traits that left-handed people tend to have. So for all of you lefties, leftie-loving righties, and ambidextrous folks out there - it’s time to brush up on your left-handed knowledge and help (5) ______an end to leftie discrimination once and for all.

1:    A. consist               B. account                C. hold                 D. make

2:    A. causes              B. makes                   C. gets                 D. does

3:    A. collaborate        B. collaboration         C. collaborating   D. collaborated

4:    A. which                 B. who                       C. what               D. that

5:    A. put                     B. bring                      C. make             D. take

 

Passage 2: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 6 to 12.

Successful students often do the followings while studying. First, they have an overview before reading. Next, they look for important information and pay greater attention to it (which often needs jumping forward or backwards to process information). They also relate important points to one another. Also, they activate and use their prior knowledge. When they realize that their understanding is not good, they do not wait to change strategies. Last, they can monitor understanding and take action to correct or “fix up” mistakes incomprehension.

Conversely, students with low academic achievement often demonstrate ineffective study skills. They tend to assume a passive role, in learning and rely on others (e.g., teachers, parents) to monitor their studying, for example, low-achieving students often do not monitor their understanding of content; they may not be aware of the purpose of studying, and they show little evidence of looking back or employing “fix-up” strategies to fix understanding problems. Students who struggle with learning new information seem to be unaware that they must extent effort beyond simply reading the content to understand and remember it. Children with learning disabilities do not plan and judge the quality of their studying. Their studying may be disorganized. Students with learning problems face challenges with the personal organization as well. They often have difficulty keeping track of materials and assignments, following directions, and completing work on time. Unlike good studiers who employ a variety of study skills in a flexible yet purposeful manner, low-achieving students use a restricted range of study skills. They cannot explain why good study strategies are important for learning, and they tend to use the same, often ineffective study approach for all learning tasks, ignoring task content, structure or difficulty.

(Source: Adapted from Study Skills: Managing Your Learning — NUI Galway)

6: What is the topic of the passage?

A. Successful and low-academic achieving students

B. Successful learners and their learning strategies

C. Study skills for high school students

D. Effective and ineffective ways of learning

7: The word “prior” in the first paragraph is the closest meaning to ______?

A. important                B. earlier                     C. forward                   D. good

8: According to the passage, what can be learnt about passive students?

A. They depend on other people to organize their learning

B. They are slow in their studying

C. They monitor their understanding

D. They know the purpose of studying

9: Which of the followings is NOT evidence of monitoring studying?

A. Being aware of the purpose of studying   

B. Monitoring their understanding of content

C. Fixing up mistakes in understanding        

D. Looking at their backs

10: According to the passage, to learn new information, low-achieving students do NOT______.

A. just understand it                             B. relate it to what they have known

C. simply remember it                         D. read it

11: In compared with low-achieving students, successful students use______.

A. aimless study techniques                           B. various study skills

C. restricted strategies                                    D. inflexible study ways

12: The underlined pronoun “They” in the last sentence refers to______.

A. study strategies                                          B. study skills

C. low-achieving students                              D. good studiers

 

Passage 3: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 13 to 20

Pollution emitted in industrial areas represents a threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. We have a tendency to believe that the production processes are the only source of environmental damage, and often forget about the possible long-term effects of harmful production practices. We may think that the closure of these huge industrial areas would improve the quality of the environment. Unfortunately, this ignores the threat of the remaining waste, which is abandoned and poorly stored. It represents an even bigger danger because it stands neglected as it degrades and leaks into the earth without any control at all.

Changes in the water chemistry due to surface water contamination can affect all levels of an ecosystem. It can affect the health of lower food chain organisms and, consequently, the availability of food up through the food chain. It can damage the health of wetlands and damage their ability to support healthy ecosystems, control flooding, and filter pollutants from stormwater runoff. The health of animals and humans are affected when they drink or bathe in contaminated water. In addition, water-based organisms, like fish and shellfish, can pile up and concentrate contaminants in their bodies. When other animals or humans eat these organisms, they receive a much higher dose of contaminant than they would have if they had been directly exposed to the original contamination.

Contaminated groundwater can badly affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the ground by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the study of rocks of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through springs or seeps, flow sideways into nearby rivers, streams, or ponds, or sink deeper into the earth. In many parts of the world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground to be used for drinking, bathing, other household uses, agriculture, and industry.

Contaminants in the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. Eating, breathing in, or touching contaminated soil, as well as eating plants or animals that have piled up soil contaminants can badly affect the health of humans and animals.

Air pollution can cause breathing-related problems and other bad health effects as contaminants are absorbed from the lungs into other parts of the body. Certain air contaminants can also harm animals and humans when they contact the skin. Plants rely on breathing for their growth and can also be affected by exposure to contaminants moved in the air.

13: What is the topic of the passage?

A. Sources of environmental damage           B. The pollution from the city

C. Bad effects of industrial waste                  D. The quality of the environment

14: According to the passage, the industry is likely to be thought as ______.

A. a danger to the environment                     B. the only source of pollution

C. the utmost harmful activity                        D. a threat to human health

15: The word “it” in the first paragraph refers to______.

A. the remaining waste                               B. a danger

C. the environment                                     D. the threat of the remaining waste

16: Which of the followings affect an ecosystem as the whole?

A. Surface water contamination                 B. Soil contamination

C. Groundwater contamination                  D. Air contamination

17: According to the passage, which of the followings supports healthy ecosystems?

A. Lower food chain organisms                        B. Animals     

C. Water-based organisms                               D. Wetlands

18: Which of the followings is NOT badly affected by contaminated groundwater?

A. Human                   B. Plants                    C. Rocks                  D. Animals

19: Which of the followings is the flow of water from the ground to the surface?

A. Streams               B. Ponds                     C. Rivers                  D. Springs

20: Which of the followings has the closest meaning to the word “absorbed” in the last paragraph?

A. Consumed            B. Taken in                 C. Swallowed             D. Piled up

Chúc các em thành công!

Quang Nhân
7 tháng 4 lúc 14:30

Passage 1: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 1 to 5.

Left-handers are the odd ones out. Sure, lefties (1) ______up about 10 percent of the population - but, frankly, it seems like society has forgotten about them. Just consider all of the right-handed gadgets, awkwardly designed desks, and cooking tools that fit comfortably only in your right hand. What (2) ______someone to become a lefthand? Scientists aren’t exactly sure, but research points to a complex (3) ______between genes and environment While no exact set of “leftie genes” have been discovered, people who dominantly use their left hands do have more left-handed family members. And researchers have found different brain wirings in righties vs. lefties. But no matter (4) ______it is that drives someone to use their antipodal paw, science has also uncovered a particular set of personality traits that left-handed people tend to have. So for all of you lefties, leftie-loving righties, and ambidextrous folks out there - it’s time to brush up on your left-handed knowledge and help (5) ______an end to leftie discrimination once and for all.

1:    A. consist               B. account                C. hold                 D. make

2:    A. causes              B. makes                   C. gets                 D. does

3:    A. collaborate        B. collaboration         C. collaborating   D. collaborated

4:    A. which                 B. who                       C. what               D. that

5:    A. put                     B. bring                      C. make             D. take

Bình luận (10)
Quang Nhân
7 tháng 4 lúc 14:33

Passage 2: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 6 to 12.

Successful students often do the followings while studying. First, they have an overview before reading. Next, they look for important information and pay greater attention to it (which often needs jumping forward or backwards to process information). They also relate important points to one another. Also, they activate and use their prior knowledge. When they realize that their understanding is not good, they do not wait to change strategies. Last, they can monitor understanding and take action to correct or “fix up” mistakes incomprehension.

Conversely, students with low academic achievement often demonstrate ineffective study skills. They tend to assume a passive role, in learning and rely on others (e.g., teachers, parents) to monitor their studying, for example, low-achieving students often do not monitor their understanding of content; they may not be aware of the purpose of studying, and they show little evidence of looking back or employing “fix-up” strategies to fix understanding problems. Students who struggle with learning new information seem to be unaware that they must extent effort beyond simply reading the content to understand and remember it. Children with learning disabilities do not plan and judge the quality of their studying. Their studying may be disorganized. Students with learning problems face challenges with the personal organization as well. They often have difficulty keeping track of materials and assignments, following directions, and completing work on time. Unlike good studiers who employ a variety of study skills in a flexible yet purposeful manner, low-achieving students use a restricted range of study skills. They cannot explain why good study strategies are important for learning, and they tend to use the same, often ineffective study approach for all learning tasks, ignoring task content, structure or difficulty.

(Source: Adapted from Study Skills: Managing Your Learning — NUI Galway)

6: What is the topic of the passage?

A. Successful and low-academic achieving students

B. Successful learners and their learning strategies

C. Study skills for high school students

D. Effective and ineffective ways of learning

7: The word “prior” in the first paragraph is the closest meaning to ______?

A. important                B. earlier                     C. forward                   D. good

8: According to the passage, what can be learnt about passive students?

A. They depend on other people to organize their learning

B. They are slow in their studying

C. They monitor their understanding

D. They know the purpose of studying

9: Which of the followings is NOT evidence of monitoring studying?

A. Being aware of the purpose of studying   

B. Monitoring their understanding of content

C. Fixing up mistakes in understanding        

D. Looking at their backs

10: According to the passage, to learn new information, low-achieving students do NOT______.

A. just understand it                             B. relate it to what they have known

C. simply remember it                         D. read it

11: In compared with low-achieving students, successful students use______.

A. aimless study techniques                           B. various study skills

C. restricted strategies                                    D. inflexible study ways

12: The underlined pronoun “They” in the last sentence refers to______.

A. study strategies                                          B. study skills

C. low-achieving students                              D. good studiers

 

Bình luận (1)
Quang Nhân
7 tháng 4 lúc 14:34

Passage 3: Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 13 to 20

Pollution emitted in industrial areas represents a threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. We have a tendency to believe that the production processes are the only source of environmental damage, and often forget about the possible long-term effects of harmful production practices. We may think that the closure of these huge industrial areas would improve the quality of the environment. Unfortunately, this ignores the threat of the remaining waste, which is abandoned and poorly stored. It represents an even bigger danger because it stands neglected as it degrades and leaks into the earth without any control at all.

Changes in the water chemistry due to surface water contamination can affect all levels of an ecosystem. It can affect the health of lower food chain organisms and, consequently, the availability of food up through the food chain. It can damage the health of wetlands and damage their ability to support healthy ecosystems, control flooding, and filter pollutants from stormwater runoff. The health of animals and humans are affected when they drink or bathe in contaminated water. In addition, water-based organisms, like fish and shellfish, can pile up and concentrate contaminants in their bodies. When other animals or humans eat these organisms, they receive a much higher dose of contaminant than they would have if they had been directly exposed to the original contamination.

Contaminated groundwater can badly affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the ground by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the study of rocks of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through springs or seeps, flow sideways into nearby rivers, streams, or ponds, or sink deeper into the earth. In many parts of the world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground to be used for drinking, bathing, other household uses, agriculture, and industry.

Contaminants in the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. Eating, breathing in, or touching contaminated soil, as well as eating plants or animals that have piled up soil contaminants can badly affect the health of humans and animals.

Air pollution can cause breathing-related problems and other bad health effects as contaminants are absorbed from the lungs into other parts of the body. Certain air contaminants can also harm animals and humans when they contact the skin. Plants rely on breathing for their growth and can also be affected by exposure to contaminants moved in the air.

13: What is the topic of the passage?

A. Sources of environmental damage           B. The pollution from the city

C. Bad effects of industrial waste                  D. The quality of the environment

14: According to the passage, the industry is likely to be thought as ______.

A. a danger to the environment                     B. the only source of pollution

C. the utmost harmful activity                        D. a threat to human health

15: The word “it” in the first paragraph refers to______.

A. the remaining waste                               B. a danger

C. the environment                                     D. the threat of the remaining waste

16: Which of the followings affect an ecosystem as the whole?

A. Surface water contamination                 B. Soil contamination

C. Groundwater contamination                  D. Air contamination

17: According to the passage, which of the followings supports healthy ecosystems?

A. Lower food chain organisms                        B. Animals     

C. Water-based organisms                               D. Wetlands

18: Which of the followings is NOT badly affected by contaminated groundwater?

A. Human                   B. Plants                    C. Rocks                  D. Animals

19: Which of the followings is the flow of water from the ground to the surface?

A. Streams               B. Ponds                     C. Rivers                  D. Springs

20: Which of the followings has the closest meaning to the word “absorbed” in the last paragraph?

A. Consumed            B. Taken in                 C. Swallowed             D. Piled up

Bình luận (1)
AKTB^^_Đỗ Thanh Hải_^^
4 tháng 4 lúc 0:49

1 equipments

2 action

3 ko thấy từ

4 confided

5 organizations

6 participants

7 enthusiasm 

8 competitors

9 embarrassed

10 objections

Bình luận (0)
AKTB^^_Đỗ Thanh Hải_^^
14 tháng 3 lúc 12:53

1 All parents love to talk with their children

2 You should offer to do the dishes after meal

3 Have you ever offered to look after someone's dog?

4  Do you think it is difficult to stay friends with an ex-boyfriend?

5 Have you ever tried to learn something new?

6 DO you think it is difficult to learn cooking after school?

7 Do you know how to make Russian salad?

8 Do you plan to go anywhere next week?

9 would you like to study in another country?

10 have you ever forgot to turn off your cell phone during class?

11Happiness is sitting on sofa on winter evening with a box of chocolate

12happiness is found in real life, not bargaining or selling

 

Bình luận (2)
Đức Minh
2 tháng 3 lúc 16:36

Jeans made in China are sometimes (SURPRISE)SURPRISINGLY cheap.

Giải thích : adv + adj ---> [SURPRISE] => SURPRISINGLY

Bình luận (0)
Minh Nguyệt
24 tháng 2 lúc 19:57

won't pass

Bình luận (0)
Trần Mạnh
24 tháng 2 lúc 19:58

 They (not pass).won't pass... exams if they don't study hard.

Bình luận (0)
Quang Anh Vũ
24 tháng 2 lúc 20:03

won't pass

Giải thích:

Câu điều kiện loại 1:

If+S+don't/doesn't+V,S+won't/will+V

Bình luận (0)
Absolute
21 tháng 2 lúc 19:58

To work with such an understood person like him is comfortable.

Bình luận (0)
Absolute
21 tháng 2 lúc 15:15

Will you be able to make the dinner tonight?

To work for this company, you must be able to speak three languages.

If Millie had a less demanding job, she would be able to enjoy life more.

Sorry, I’ve been so busy that I haven't been able to call until now.

If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will be able to go for a long walk.

I used to be able to speak a bit of Polish, but I’ve forgotten most of it now.

She is able to swim really well because she used to live by the sea.

You need to be able to drive to live in the country.

I’ve never been able to dance well, but I’d love to learn.

Luke could read when he was only three years old.

I hate not being able to communicate with the local people when I’m travelling.

We’re really sorry we weren't able to come to your wedding.

Bình luận (0)
mèo mèo

A. Mối quan hệ giữa “ago-since-for” và thì quá khứ đơn và thì hiện tại hoàn thành.

1. We haven’t been to a concert for over a year.

The last time………………………………….......................................

2. Your birthday party was the last time I really enjoyed myself.

I………………………………………………………………..................

3. It’s nearly 20 years since my father saw his brother.

My father……………………………………………….........................

4. Tom went to Scotland last Friday and is still there.

Tom has……………………………………………............................

5. When did you last ride a bike?

How long is it………………………………………..........................?

6. The last time I went swimming was when I was in France.

I haven’t……………………………………………….......……........

7. You haven’t tided up this room for weeks.

It’s………………………………………….....................................

8. He was last in touch with me three weeks ago.

He hasn’t……………………………………....….........................

9. Mr John hasn’t visited France since 1990.

Mr John last………………………………………........................

10. It last rained three weeks ago.

It’s…………………………….....................................................

11. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before.

This is the first……………………………….............................

B. Mệnh đề “wish”.

12. What a pity you failed your driving test!

I wish………………………………………...............................

13. It’s a pity that you’re going away so soon.

I wish…………………………………………...........................

14. I'm sorry I didn't phone him yesterday.

I wish.....................................................................................

C. Mệnh đề so sánh.

15. She knows a lot more about it than I do.

I don't know..........................................................................

16. Jane is a better cook than Betty.

Betty can't.............................................................................

17. Tom is younger than he looks.

Tom isn't..............................................................................

18. I didn't spend as much money as my friend did.

My friend.............................................................................

19. He doesn't know them as well as I do.

I know.................................................................................

20. It's still cold but it was colder yesterday.

It's isn't...............................................................................

D. Mệnh đề chỉ nguyên nhân và kết quả.

21. The children couldn't go swimming because the sea was very rough.

The sea was too................................................................

22. We didn't have enough money,so we didn't go on holiday.

If we...................................................................................

23. We got lost because we didn't have a map.

If we..................................................................................

24. The bridge was so low that the bus couldn't go under it.

It was...............................................................................

25. It was so late that nothing could be done.

It was too........................................................................

26. He couldn't afford to buy a car.

The car..........................................................................

27. That restaurant is so dirty that noone wants to eat there.

It is such.......................................................................

28. The tast was too difficult for the pupils to do.

The test........................................................................

29. Phone now or you will be late.

You will........................................................................

E. Một số mẫu câu khác.

30. I advise you to put your money in a bank.

You'd .........................................................................

31. Why don't you meet to discuss the price?

I suggest....................................................................

32. I would prefer you to deliver the package on Monday.

I'd rather....................................................................

 1...I went to a concert was over a year ago.

2...haven't really enjoyed myself since your birthday party.

3....hasn't seen his brother for nearly 20 years.

4....been in Scotland since last Friday.

......gone to Scotland since last Friday.

5........ since you rode a bike?

6.........been swimming since I was in France./

...........gone swimming since I was in France.

7....weeks since you tided up this room.

8.... Been in touch with her for three weeks.

9....visited France in 1990.

10...three weeks since it rained.

11....time I have eaten this kind of food.

B. 12....you had passed/ hadn't failed your driving test.

13....you weren't going away so soon.

14.....I had phoned him yesterday.

C. 15.....as much about it as she does.

16....cook as well as Jane.

17.....as old as he looks.

18....spent more money than I did.

19....them better than he does.

20....as cold today as it was yesterday.

D. 21...rough for the children to go swimming.

22....had had enough money, we could have gone on a holiday.

23......had had a map, we couldn't have got lost.

24...such a low bridge that the bus couldn't go under it.

25.... late for anything to be done./

.....late to do anything.

26....was too expensive for him./

......cost more than he could afford.

27....a dirty restaurant that noone wants to eat there.

28....was so difficult that the pupils couldn't do it.

29....be late if you don't phone now.

E. 30.....better put your money in a bank.

31....that you should have a meeting./

.......that you should meet to discuss the price./

.......meeting to discuss the price.

32........you delivered the package on Monday

Bình luận (3)
Mẫn Nhi

Question 5: In this game, 11 or 12 teams of two people travel around __________ globe, competing in

tasks of intellect and strength to move one leg closer to the big prize.

A. an                                          B. a                                             C. the                                         D.

 

Question 6: __________ we had planned everything carefully, many things went wrong.

A. Although                          B. Because                              C. Because of                        D. In spite of

 

Question 7: So far, the new coronavirus, dubbed 2019-nCoV, has led __________ more than 20,000

illnesses and 427 deaths in China.

 

A. at                                           B. to

 

 

C. on

 

 

D. from

 

 

Question 8: We __________ the game if we’d had a few more minutes. A. had won B. won C. will win

 

 

D. might have won

 

 

Question 9: Many species of whales prove to be endangered because of __________ hunting or of their

reduced habitat.

 

 

A. recessive

 

 

B. intensive

 

 

C. excessive

 

 

D. extensive

 

 

Question 10: Henry __________ Puerto Rico before he went to St. Thomas. A. will have visited B. has visited C. had visited

 

 

D. was visiting

 

 

Question   11:    “Go   Green”   project   aims   to   __________   awareness   of   the   community   towards

environmental protection.

 

 

A. arise

 

 

B. raise

 

 

C. arouse

 

 

D. rise

 

 

Question 12: ____________ when lava cools very rapidly.

A. Pumice is formed                                                               B. Forming pumice

C. Because pumice is formed                                             D. To form

 

Question 13: Does Dr. Johnson mind __________ at home if his patients need his help?

A. being called                     B. to call                                   C. calling                                 D. to be called

 

 

Question 14: There are at least 13 wildlife species in the park known to be __________ threatened

including black caiman, giant otter and ocelot.

 

A. globe                                   B. globally

 

 

C. globalize

 

D. global

 

 

Question 15: I knew it was a ____ in a million to photograph the rare bird during its mating ritual.

A. foot                                      B. chance                                 C. opportunity                      D. place

 

Question 16: If  a defender interferes  with a free throw,  holds or sinks  an attacker who is  not in

 

 

possession, he is __________ from the game for twenty seconds. A. excluded B. exposed C. exchanged

 

 

D. executed

 

 

Question 17: When __________ the Earth, astronauts don’t feel the force of gravity.

 

Trang 1/5 - Mã đề thi 251

 

A. orbited                               B. are orbited                         C. are orbiting                       D. orbiting

 

Question 18: One of the objectives of the plan is to limit human-to-human __________of the new

coronavirus.

A. transformation               B. transition                            C. transaction                        D. transmission

 

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