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ADVERBIAL CLAUSES OF REASON

I/ Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D to complete each sentence.

1. he is tired, he can’t work longer.

A. Because B. Even though C. Although D. Besides

2. it was so cold, he went out without an overcoat.

A. If B. Since C. Although D. Because

3. it was late, we decided to take a taxi home.

A. Because B. Since C. Because of D. Although

4. you subtract 7 from 12, you will have 5.

A. Because B. If C. Though D. As

5. We couldn’t reach the house the road was flooded.

A. because B. because of C. if D. though

6. he has a headache, he has to take an aspirin.

A. Because B. Because of C. Although D. In spite of

7. The flight had to be delayed the bad weather.

A. because B. Because of C. despite D. when

8. he comes to the theater with me, I shall go alone.

A. Because of B. Because C. Unless D. When

9. Take a map with you you lose your way.

A. so B. because C. although D. in case

10. rain or snow, there are always more than fifty thousand fans at the football games.

A. Even though B. Because C. Despite D. Because of

11. his illness, he had to cancel the appointment.

A. However B. Despite C. If D. Because of

12. Minh had a terrible headache. , he went to school.

A. However B. But C. Although D. Because

13. Tom has a bike, he always walks to school.

A. but B. because of C. because D. despite

14. My sister will take the plane she dislikes flying.

A. because B. so that C. although D. before

15. We decided to leave the party early it was boring.

A. due to B. because C. but D. and

16. The students arrived late the traffic jam.

A. because B. owing to C. despite D. so

17. he missed the first bus, he came ten minutes late.

A. Since B. Although C. However D. Therefore

18. his physical handicap, he has become a successful businessman.

A. In spite of B. Because of C. If D. Although

19. It was difficult to deliver the letter the sender had written the wrong address on the envelope.

A. though B. but C. so D. because

20. it rained heavily, I went to school on time.

A. However B. But C. Although D. Because

21. He didn’t answer the questions correctly _______.

A. although he isn’t intelligent B. because he is intelligent

C. in spite of his intelligence D. despite his intelligent

22. ______, I can’t hear what he is saying.

A. Because of the noise B. Because of the soft music

C. Though the music is noise D. In spite of the noise music

23. _____, I feel very refresh.

A. Because I work very hard B. Although I get up early

C. Because of getting up early D. Despite getting up late

24. They live happily ______.

A. because they have no money B. though they are rich

C. in spite of their poverty D. because of their poor

25. He can’t join in the volunteer campaign _______.

A. although he is busy B. because he hurts his legs

C. in spite of working very hard D. because of registering for it

26. Though he drove carefully, he had an accident yesterday.

A. Despite his carelessness, he had an accident yesterday.

B. Despite he drove carefully, he had an accident yesterday.

C. In spite of driving carefully, he had an accident yesterday.

D. In spite of a careful drive, he had an accident yesterday.

27. He was very tired but he kept on working.

A. Despite very tired, he kept on working.

B. Though his tiredness, he kept on working.

C. Although he was very tired, but he kept on working.

D. He kept on working although he was very tired.

28. Although it rained heavily, they went on working.

A. In spite of the rain heavily, they went on working.

B. In spite of the raining heavily, they went on working.

C. Despite the heavy rain, they went on working.

D. Though the fact that it rained heavily, they went on working.

29. Cars cause pollution but people still want them.

A. Because cars cause pollution, people want them.

B. Despite the fact that cars cause pollution, people want them.

C. Cars cause pollution although people want them.

D. Cars cause pollution because people still want them.

30. She was seriously ill but she enjoyed life very much.

A. In spite of her serious illness, she enjoyed life very much.

B. Although she enjoyed life very much, she was seriously ill.

C. She was seriously ill because she enjoyed life very much.

D. Despite seriously ill, she enjoyed life very much.

II/ Choose the underlined part among A, B, C, or D that needs correcting:

31. My friends advised her to stop doing the housework because her old age.

A B C D

32. Because the invention of machines such as vacuum cleaners, washing machines,

A B

women spend less time doing the housework.

C D

33. John didn’t go to work because of he was seriously ill.

A B C D

34. In spite of my father is old, he still goes to work.

A B C D

35. Peter succeeded in his exam because of he worked hard and methodically.

A B C D

36. Rice plants grow well because the climate is warmly and damp.

A B C D

37. The plane couldn’t take off because the bad weather.

A B C D

38. He couldn’t drive fast owing to the street was crowded and narrow.

A B C D

39. The train was late because the fog is thick.

A B C D

40. Since the difficult test, I couldn’t finish it on time.

A B C D

III/ Rewrite these sentences

1. He was late for school because his bike was broken.

à ……………………………………….because of …………………………………

2. Although he runs very fast, he isn’t tired.

à Despite …………………………………………………………………………….

3. Most people think jogging is a good exercise, so they begin to jog.

à Because .....................................................................................................................

4. The air in the country is polluted, but people like to live there.

à .......................................................... though .............................................................

5. Computers can be used for various purposes, so they become very popular today.

à Because of ................................................................................................................

6. If you passed the exam, your parents would be very happy.

à ……………………………………….. because ……………………………………

7. Because of the hot weather, we go to the beach.

à If ……………………………………………………………………………………

8. Tom understands the lesson. However, he couldn’t apply in the exercises.

à ………………………………….. although ………………………………………..

9. They played very well. Therefore, they won the game.

à Because ……………………………………………………………………………

10. The suitcase is too heavy for Tom to bring.

à ………………………………………. because ………………………………….

1 câu trả lời

Put the following sentences into reported speech :

1.” I want my room to look nice at the festival ” - Hoa said

……………………………... …..........................................................................................

2.”We are going to the rice- cooking contest ” - Mr Robinson said

………………………………….. ..............................................................................................

3. “You have to take at least two bottles of water .” -Tam’s father said .

- .................................................................................................................................................

4.”I will clean all the class windows ”. Mr Trung said

- ..................……………………………………………………................................................

5.” Help me to hang this picture, Nam “ said Mai .

– Mai asked Nam ……………………………………............................................................

6. “ We can come on Monday .” -Mr and Mrs Bruce said .

………………………………………………..........................................................................

7.” My brother doesn’t like eating sticky rice ”Linh said

……………………………………………… . .........................................................................

8.” I’m decorating our house .” Loan said

- …………………………… . …………………………..........................................................

9.”My sister cooks rice every day “ The boy said .

- ..................................................................................................................................................

10. “Don’t throw this bottle away.” - Mr Cuong said to the boy……………………………….....................................................................................................

11.”Can you buy me an English exercise book, Nam“ Thao asked

- ..................................................................................................................................................

12.”Please lend me your dictionary, Viet “ - Trang asked

.....................................................................................................................................................

13.”Can you get back home by half past ten “ Nga’s father said

- Nga’s father told her ...........................................................................................................

14.”You shouldn’t translate each sentence into Vietnamese. “ the teacher said

-The teacher told me ……………………..............................................................................

15.”Please repeat what you could do, Mr Tan ” I asked

- ..................................................................................................................................................

16.”Can you help my son with his English ? “ Mrs Smith said

-Mrs Smith asked Mr Green ……………................................................................

17.”Please remind Nam to practice speaking English “ Theacher said

-The teacher told Nam’s father …….................................................................................

18.” Do you often play the guitar ? “ My friend said

- My friend asked me ………………………………………...................................................

19. “ Is your sister good at English ? “ I said

-I asked Hoa ………………………………………………….................................................

20.” Could you cook this fish for me ? “ My mother siad

-My mother asked me …………………………………………...............................................

21.” How many people are there in your family ? “ The policeman said

-The policeman asked her ………………………....................................................................

22. “ Why don’t you come here on time ? “ The teacher said

-The form teacher asked the boy…………………………… ...............................................

23.” What does your father do every day ? “ Phu said

-Phu asked Thuy…………………………………………....................................................

24.” How do you learn English at home ? “ The teacher said

-The teacher asked Lan……………….................................................................................

25.” Who will meet you at the airport tomorrow ? “ The mother said

-The mother asked her…………………....................................................................

26.” What language can you speak fluently ? “ The woman asked him

The woman asked him……………………………………......................................................

27.” What does your son want to learn , Mrs Lan ? “ Mr An said

-Mr An asked Mrs Lan ………………………......................................................................

28.” How long will your family stay here ? “ Hoa said

-Hoa asked Thong ………………………………………….

29.” How often do you go to school ? “ I said

-I asked my younger brother……………………………………..............................................

30.” Who will look after your children when you are away ? “ The neighbor said

-The neighbor asked my mother ................................................................................................

31.He said to her , “You are my friend.”

- .He told...................................................................................................................................

32.John said to his mother , : I don’t know how to do this exercise.”

- John told ..................................................................................................................................

33.The students said to their teacher, “ Please give us better marks. “

- .The students asked..................................................................................................................

34.” Pull as hard as you can.” She said to me.

- She asked.................................................................................................................................

35.She said to us, ”:shut the door but don’t lock it.”

- She told....................................................................................................................................

36.Mr Smith said to me, “ Don’t forget to send your parents my regards.”

- .Mr Smith asked ......................................................................................................................

37.Mary said, “ I can’t go to the movie with you, John.”

- Mary asked...............................................................................................................................

38. ” Whose car are you driving, Nam? ” Miss Lan said

- Miss Lan asked ......................................................................................................................

39.Mary said, “ Can you tell me why are you so sad, Tom ?”

- Mary asked..............................................................................................................................

40.Jane said to Peter, “ Who will come to the movies with me ?”

- Jane asked ...............................................................................................................................

42.”Will you please find out who often uses my computer when I am away ? ” Mr Long said to Miss Hoa

- Mr Long asked ........................................................................................................................

43. “You must decide what you want to do. “ He said to his daughter.

- He urged....................................................................................................................................

44.”It’s a very nice evening. Why don’t we go for a walk ?” Jim suggested.

- Jim said that .......................................................... and suggested ..........................................

45.”Do as I tell you. You are a naughty boy.” Mrs Brown said.

- Mrs Brown told ..............................................and complained that .....................................

46.”I wonder who is coming on the excursion tomorrow. I hope it won’t rain.”She said

- She wondered .......................................................................and .........................................

47.”Don’t you know how to behave in lessons ?” The techer told his students.

- The teacher asked ...................................................................................................................

48.I asked the policeman, “Do you know how far is it to the station ?”

- I asked ...................................................................................................................................

49.” I shall expect to see you next Wednewday, Mary” Peter said

- Peter said to Mary that ...........................................................................................................

50.‘Do as I tell you or you’ll be punished. I’ll teach you who is master in this house” He said

He asked me.......................................................................................... ...............and said that ................................................................................................................................................

51.”Do you have any shampoo, Alice? I must wash my hair.” Dick said.

Johny said that ..................................................................................................... and asked .................................................................................................................................................

52.”When we finish this game, we’ll have dinner.” My children said to me.

- My children told me that .......................................................................................................

53.”Let’s go to the zoo.” They said to me.

- They asked ....................................................../ They suggested .........................................

54.”Do you like it ? ” -Yes

- He asked me ........................................................ and I said that ..........................................

55.”Do you phone your parents often, Hoa ?” Nam said

- Nam asked ..............................................................................................................................

56.”Must you go now, Miss White ? ” Mr Brown said

- Mr Brown asked ................................................................................................................

57.”Be modest if you are a good student.” My father said

- My father told me ..............................................................................................................

58.”Who put salt in my coffee ?” he said.

- He asked her ....................................................................................................................

59.”What time do you often go to bed, Mr Leath ? “ The policeman said.

- The policeman asked ......................................................................................................

60.He said to me “ Listen ! Can you hear someone coming ?”

- He told .................................... and asked .....................................................................

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