Luyện tập tổng hợp - Hỏi đáp

Người hay giúp bạn khác trả lời bài tập sẽ trở thành học sinh giỏi. Người hay hỏi bài thì không. Còn bạn thì sao?

Câu 3. Đoạn trích sau có 5 lỗi sai về chính tả, ngữ pháp và sử dụng từ. Gạch chân các lỗi sai

đó rồi viết các lỗi sai và phần sửa lỗi vào bảng dưới đây. (0,5 điểm)

Air consists of a mixture of gases and extends from the surface of the earth to outer space. The

principle gases of the air are nitrogen and oxygen. Nitrogen accounts for about 78% of dry air, that

is, the air from which all water vapour has been removed. Oxygen makes up approximately 21% of

dry air. Other gases, mainly argon, make up the remaining 1%. Water vapour and carbon dioxide

serves as an insulator and prevent the earth’s surface heat from escaping into space. In addition,

water vapour yeilds precipitation in the form of rain and snow.

The amount of water vapour in the air, known as humidity, depends, among other things, in the air

temperature. Warm air can hold more water vapour than cold air, and the air is usually less humid

on clear days than on cloudy days. When the air becomes sufficient cold, the water vapour

condenses to form water droplets. The temperature at which water vapour starts to condense is

called the dew point.

PHẦN IV. ĐỌC HIỂU (2,0 điểm)

Câu 1. Đọc bài văn sau và khoanh tròn chữ cái A, B, C hoặc D tương ứng với từ phù hợp nhất

cho mỗi chỗ trống. (0,5 điểm)

A LUCKY PICNIC

When I was a child, we used to go to my grandmother’s house. We often had a picnic in a wood

which was (1) _______ of wild flowers. We always went to the same place. One day when we had

finished our picnic, my mother noticed that she had lost her ring, which had her initials inside.

We looked everywhere for it and we carried on until it was dark and we had to give (2)_______.

Thirty years later, I was on holiday with my own children and we (3) _______ the same wood. We

decided to have a picnic there. It was my son who made it a lucky day. He was bored with the

picnic (4) _______ he started digging a hole under a tree. Suddenly, he held up a ring. It had some

writing inside it and we all (5) _______ it was my mother’s ring. She was really happy when we

gave it back to her!

1. A. plenty B. full C. laden D. abundant

2. A. back B. away C. out D. up

3. A. realised B. came C. found D. met

4. A. because B. but C. although D. so

5. A. ascertained B. agreed C. persuaded D. conferred

Câu 2. Điền từ thích hợp nhất vào mỗi chỗ trống để hoàn thành bài văn dưới đây. (1,0 điểm)

Social-networking sites are a great way to keep in touch with people and (1)_____________ new

friends. However, by using them, we also unintentionally reveal a lot about (2)_____________

personalities. These sites are increasingly (3)_____________ studied by psychologists to gain

insight into people’s personalities.

After years of research (4)_____________ how relationships in real life are formed, psychologists

are finding that social-networking sites provide a rich (5)_____________ of useful data. It’s

possible to study complex social networks and communication patterns in new (6)_____________.

Entrance examination - 2016 Page 5 of 7

We no (7)______________ have to rely solely on people reporting how they feel about each other.

Messages and images on these sites act as open-ended stimulus that people react to in ways

consistent (8)______________ their personalities. Psychologists have found enough evidence to

be (9)______________ to confirm that extroverts post (10)______________ messages and photos

on social-networking sites than introverts. For example, introverts tend to read messages, but not

respond to them.

Câu 3. Đọc đoạn trích sau và khoanh tròn chữ cái A, B, C hoặc D tương ứng với đáp án

đúng nhất cho mỗi câu hỏi dưới đây. (0,5 điểm)

No educational medium better serves as a means of spatial communication than the atlas.

Atlases deal with such invaluable information as population distribution and density. One of the

best, Pennycooke’s World Atlas, has been wildly accepted as a standard owing to the quality of

its maps and photographs, which not only show various settlements but also portray them in a

variety of scales. In fact, the very first map in the atlas is a cleverly designed population

cartogram that projects the size of each country if geographical size were proportional to

population. Following the proportional layout, a sequence of smaller maps shows the world’s

population density, each country’s birth and death rates, population increase or decrease,

industrialisation, urbanisation, gross national product in terms of per capita income, the quality of

medical care, literacy, and language. To give readers a perspective on how their own country fits

in with the global view, additional projections depict the world’s patterns nutrition, calorie and

protein consumption, health care, numbers of physicians per unit of population, and life

expectancy by region. Population density maps on a subcontinental scale, as well as political

maps, convey the diverse demographic phenomena of the world in a broad array of scales.

1. What is the main topic of this passage?

A. The educational benefits of atlases

B. Physical maps in an atlas

C. The ideal in the making of atlases

D. Partial maps and their uses

2. According to the passage, the first map in Pennycooke’s World Atlas shows ________.

A. national boundaries relative to population

B. geographic proportions of each country

C. the hypothetical sizes of countries

D. the population policy in each country

3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A. Calorie consumption

B. Currency exchange rates

C. A level of education

D. Population decline

4. It can be inferred from the passage that maps can be used to ________.

A. pinpoint ethnic strife in each country

B. identify a shortage of qualified labour

C. give readers a new perspective on their own country

D. show readers photographs in a new form

5. The author of the passage implies that ________.

A. atlases provide a bird’s-eye view of countries

B. maps use a variety of scales in each projection

C. maps of countries differ in size

D. atlases can be versatile instruments

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