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Đề thi thử THPTQG năm 2018 - Môn Tiếng Anh - THPT Quảng Xương - Thanh Hóa - Lần 1

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HOC24.VN 1 ĐỀ KHẢO SÁT CHẤT LƯỢNG THPT QG MÔN: TIẾNG ANH ĐỀ THI TRƯỜNG THPT QUẢNG XƯƠNG – THANH HOÁ Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions. 1. ______ non-verbal language is _______ important aspect of interpersonal communication. A. The / ø B. A / the C. The / a D. ø / an 2. The more she practices, ________ she becomes. A. the most confident B. the more confident B. the greater confident D. more confidently 3. Ms. Brown wanted to know _______ in my family. A. there were how many members B. how many members there were C. were there how many members D. how many members were there 4. I am angry because you didn’t tell me the truth. I don’t like ________. A. to have deceived B. to deceive C. being deceived D. deceiving 5. She went to college to study history, but changed _____ and is now a doctor. A. horses in midstream B. for a better C. her tune D. hands 6. The social services are chiefly ________ with the poor, the old and the sick. A. influenced B. related C. suffered D. concerned 7. The goal is to make higher education available to everyone who is willing and capable _______ his financial situation. A. with reference to B. owing to C. regardless of D. in terms of 8. No sooner had we come back home than we got down _______ household chores. A. to doing B. to make C. to do D. to making 9. Thanks to the _______ weather condition, Vietnam owns plentiful kinds of fruits and vegetables. A. favorite B. favorable C. unfavorable D. favored 10. This house ______ some years ago, because it looks quite new. A. is believed to build B. was believed building C. is believed to have been built D. was believed to build 11. After they have been _____ love for two years, they decide to get married. A. in B. for C. with D. on 12. Housework is less tiring and boring thanks to the invention of ______ devices. A. environment-friendly B. time-consuming C. labor-saving D. pollution-free HOC24.VN 2 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Sunlight is solar energy. Sunlight is needed for growing plants that you eat to get energy. Sunlight is also used to make clean electricity. Burning fossil fuels to make electricity pollutes our atmosphere and rivers. Fossil fuels are expensive and limited sources of energy. Nuclear fission is used to create enormous amount of heat and electricity. However, nuclear fission forms dangerous radioactive waste. Sunlight offers many ways to get energy. A window can allow warm sunlight into your room. Solar water-heating systems can use sunlight to warm the water for your home, swimming pool and school. Sunlight also warms the Earth and causes wind. Electricity can be made by wind generators. Photovoltaic, or PV system use a type of material that converts sunlight into electricity. PV systems can power your air conditioner or a satellite like the International Space Station. PV systems are also used to run a calculator, recharge cell phone, or even power lightweight cars. Sunlight is also changed into electricity by concentrating solar power or CSP systems. CSP systems have mirrors that focus the sunlight. The concentrated sunlight turns water into steam which turns a turbine that is connected to an electric generator. A CSP system usually uses sunlight to make steam. CSP power plants can store large amount of heat. The stored heat is used to make electricity at night. During cloud days, many CSP plants can also burn natural gas to provide the heat that is used to turn water into steam. Sunlight provides the energy needed to grow plants and make large amount of environmentally friendly heat and electricity. Solar energy can provide power today and for a long time in the future. 13. This article is mainly about ______ A. Human using sunlight to stay warm. B. The need to develop new technology for solar power system. C. How the energy of sunlight is used. D. How solar energy can provide power for transportation systems. 14. In the first paragraph, the word “fossil fuels” in line 2 means ________ A. fuels formed millions of years from the remains of animals and plants B. nuclear energy C. solar power D. fuel formed from the energy of the wind 15. The drawback of nuclear fission is that ________ A. it sends out energy in the form of rays that can be harmful. B. it is costly. C. it releases smoke. HOC24.VN 3 D. it is time-consuming to be formed. 16. To help the readers understand some of the benefits of solar energy, the author ________ A. provides a list of solar energy projects. B. lists in chronological order the invention of various systems that gather the energy of sunlight. C. describes in detail how a PV system works. D. briefly compares and contrasts the differences in using fossil fuels, nuclear fission and solar energy in electric power systems. 17. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Fossil fuel supplies are unlimited. B. Solar energy is the energy that comes from the sun. C. PV systems provide electricity for the International Space Station. D. A CSP power plant can produce steam even at night. 18. In the third paragraph, the word “convert” is closest in meaning to _______ A. change form one religion to another B. transform C. exchange for something equal in value D. converse 19. In the fourth paragraph, the word “which” refers to _______ A. water B. steam C. sunlight D. solar power Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges. 20. - Huong: “That millions of people attended General Vo Nguyen Giap’s funeral made a special impression on almost every foreigner.” - Lan: “___________.” A. My pleasure B. Me neither C. I’m afraid I can’t D. I’ll say 21. - David: “Your parents must be proud of your result at school.” - Kathy: “_________.” A. Sorry to hear that B. I am glad you like it C. Thanks. It’s certainly encouraging D. Of course Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions. 22. I strongly recommend that you should take out an insurance policy in the house for your own peace of mind. A. to stop your sleeping B. to stop your worrying C. to stop your thinking D. to stop your believing 23. Every year this charity organization takes on volunteers to support the needy and the poor. A. dismisses B. creates C. recruits D. interviews HOC24.VN 4 Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. In most discussions of cultural diversity, attention has focused on visible, explicit aspects of culture, such as language, dress, food, religion, music, and social rituals. Although they are important, these visible expressions of culture, which are taught deliberately and learned consciously, are only the tip of the iceberg of culture. Much of culture is taught and learned implicitly, or outside awareness. Thus, neither cultural insiders nor cultural outsiders are aware that certain “invisible” aspects of their culture exist. Invisible elements of culture are important to us. For example, how long we can be late before being impolite, what topics we should avoid in a conversation, how we show interest or attention through listening behaviour, what we consider beautiful or ugly- these are all aspects of culture that we learn and use without being aware of it. When we meet other people whose invisible cultural assumptions differ from those we have learned implicitly, we usually do not recognize their behaviour as cultural in origin. Differences in invisible culture can cause problems in cross-cultural relations. Conflicts may arise when we are unable to recognize others’ behavioural differences as cultural rather than personal. We tend to misinterpret other people’s behaviour, blame them, or judge their intentions or competence without realizing that we are experiencing cultural rather than individual differences. Formal organizations and institutions, such as schools, hospitals, workplaces, governments, and the legal system are collection sites for invisible cultural differences. If the differences were more visible, we might have less misunderstanding. For example, if we met a man in a courthouse who was wearing exotic clothes, speaking a language other than ours, and carrying food that looked strange, we would not assume that we understood his thoughts and feelings or that he understood ours. Yet when such a man is dressed similarly to us, speaks our language, and does not differ from us in other obvious ways, we may fail to recognize the invisible cultural differences between us. As a result, mutual misunderstanding may arise. 24. What is the main purpose of the passage? A. To point out that much of culture is learned consciously. B. To describe cultural diversity. C. To explain the importance of invisible aspects of culture. D. To explain why cross-cultural conflict occurs. 25. The word “deliberately” in bold in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______. A. slowly B. accurately C. intentionally D. randomly 26. The phrase “the tip of the iceberg” in paragraph 1 means that ___________. A. most aspects of culture cannot be seen B. we usually focus on the highest forms of culture HOC24.VN 5 C. other cultures seem cold to us D. visible aspects of culture are learned in formal institutions 27. Which of the following was NOT mentioned as an example of invisible culture? A. How people express interest in what others are saying B. How late is considered impolite C. What topics to avoid in conversation D. What food to eat in a courthouse 28. The word “those” in paragraph 2 refers to__________. A. invisible cultural assumptions B. people from a different culture C. topics that should be avoided in conversation D. people who speak a different language 29. It can be inferred from paragraph 3 that conflict results when ___________. A. one culture is more invisible than another culture B. people compete with those from other cultures C. some people recognize more cultural differences than others D. people think cultural differences are personal 30. The author implies that institutions such as schools and workplaces ________. A. reinforce invisible cultural differences B. are aware of cultural differences C. share a common culture D. teach their employees about cultural differences 31. Which of the following would most likely result in misunderstanding? A. Strange behaviour from someone speaking a foreign language B. Learning about our own culture in school C. Strange behaviour from someone speaking our language D. Unusual food being cooked by foreign visitors Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is OPPOSITE in meaning to each of the following questions. 32. I must have a watch since punctuality is imperative in my new job. A. being on time B. being cheerful C. being efficient D. being late 33. It’s discourteous to ask Americans questions about their age, marriage or income. A. impolite B. polite C. unacceptable D. rude Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to each of the following questions. 34. “Why don’t you participate in the volunteer work in summer?” said Sophie. A. Sophie suggested my participating in the volunteer work in summer. B. Sophie made me participate in the volunteer work in summer. HOC24.VN 6 C. Sophie asked me why not participate in the volunteer work in summer. D. Sophie suggested me to participate in the volunteer work in summer. 35. If it hadn’t been for his carelessness, we would have finished the work. A. He was careless because he hadn’t finished the work. B. If he were careful, we would finish the work. C. If he had been more careful, we would have completed the work. D. Because he wasn’t careless, we didn’t finish the work. 36. I can’t stand his talking foolishly when everybody talks about something in a serious ways. A. Everybody talks seriously when he talks foolishly. B. I don’t mind his talking foolishly when everybody talks seriously. C. I can’t understand what he talks when people talk foolishly. D. I hate him talking foolishly when people talk seriously. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks. Children (37) _____ this and other Finnish public schools are given not only basic subject instruction in math, language and science, but learning-through-play-based preschools and kindergartens, training in second languages, arts, crafts, music, physical education, ethics, and, amazingly, as many as four outdoor free-play breaks per day, each (38) _______ 15 minutes between classes, no matter how cold or wet the weather is. Educators and parents here believe that these breaks are a powerful engine of learning that improves almost all the “metrics” that (39) _______ most for children in school – executive function, concentration and cognitive focus, behavior, well-being, attendance, physical health, and yes, test scores, too. The homework load for children in Finland varies by teacher, but is lighter overall than most other developed countries. This insight is supported by research, (40) ______ has found little academic benefit in childhood for any (41) _______ than brief sessions of homework until around high school. 37. A. for B. at C. on D. in 38. A. spending B. taking C. lasting D. continuing 39. A. mean B. relate C. matter D. happen 40. A. what B. who C. that D. which 41. A. more B. sooner C. other D. rather Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions. 42. A. studied B. approved C. reminded D. returned 43. A. survive B. prohibit C. fertilizer D. environment Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions. HOC24.VN 7 44. A. enter B. comment C. chemist D. proceed 45. A. communicate B. impossible C. intervention D. activity Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions. 46. Establishing (A) in 1984 for students (B) who wanted to study art and music subjects, LaGuardia was (C) the first public school of its kind (D). 47. A recent research shows that walking (A) for even (B) twenty minutes a day (C) can have significance (D) health benefits. 48. U.S President Donald Trump, accompanied by (A) hundreds of (B) bodyguards, have (C) paid a visit (D) to Vietnam for the APEC Summit this year. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions. 49. He showed himself a good student. He proved himself a good athlete. A. Not only he showed himself a good student but he also proved himself a good athlete. B. He did not show himself a good student but he proved himself a good athlete. C. A good student not only showed him but he also proved himself a good athlete. D. Not only did he show himself a good student but he also proved himself a good athlete. 50. Corazon Aquino was the first woman in the Philippines. She was elected as the president of the country. A. Corazon Aquino was the first woman who is elected as the president of the Philippines. B. Corazon Aquino was the first woman to be elected as the president of the Philippines. C. Corazon Aquino was the first woman elected as the president of the Philippines. D. Corazon Aquino was the first woman being elected as the president of the Philippines.
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