Violympic toán 9

Huy Bui

cho x,y,z thỏa mãn \(x+y+z\le\dfrac{3}{2}\) . tìm GTNN của \(P=\dfrac{x\left(yz+1\right)^2}{z^2\left(xz+1\right)}+\dfrac{y\left(xz+1\right)^2}{y^2\left(xy+1\right)}+\dfrac{z\left(xy+1\right)^2}{x^2\left(yz+1\right)}\)      

Sigma
Sigma CTV Hôm qua lúc 10:38

Áp dụng bất đẳng thức AM - GM:

\(P\ge3\sqrt[3]{\dfrac{\left(xy+1\right)\left(yz+1\right)\left(zx+1\right)}{xyz}}\).

Áp dụng bất đẳng thức AM - GM ta có:

\(xy+1=xy+\dfrac{1}{4}+\dfrac{1}{4}+\dfrac{1}{4}+\dfrac{1}{4}\ge5\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{xy}{4^4}}\).

Tương tự: \(yz+1\ge5\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{yz}{4^4}};zx+1\ge5\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{zx}{4^4}}\).

Do đó \(\left(xy+1\right)\left(yz+1\right)\left(zx+1\right)\ge125\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{\left(xyz\right)^2}{4^{12}}}\)

\(\Rightarrow\dfrac{\left(xy+1\right)\left(yz+1\right)\left(zx+1\right)}{xyz}\ge125\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{1}{4^{12}\left(xyz\right)^3}}\).

Mà \(xyz\le\dfrac{\left(x+y+z\right)^3}{27}=\dfrac{1}{8}\)

Nên \(\dfrac{\left(xy+1\right)\left(yz+1\right)\left(zx+1\right)}{xyz}\ge125\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{8^3}{4^{12}}}=125\sqrt[5]{\dfrac{1}{2^{15}}}=\dfrac{125}{8}\)

\(\Rightarrow P\ge\dfrac{15}{2}\).

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