Unit 10 : CONSERVATION

Unit 10 : CONSERVATION

 

The pasive voice

1. Simple present:

Ex: The teacher  punishes  the pupil.

                               VES

=> The pupil  is  punished  by the teacher.

                      Be     VED

 

 Form                      S  +   V1/S/ES  +  O

                                S  +  BE  + V3/ ED   + by  +  O

 

2. Simple past:

 Ex: People  built  this school over twenty years  ago.

                       V2

=>This school  was  built  over twenty years ago.

                     BE  V3

     Form                         S  +  V2/ EDO

                                       S  +  BE  +  V3/ ED  + by  +  O

 

3. Present and past continuous:

Ex1: The committee is considering the plan.

                                BE     VING

=> The plan is being considered by the committee.

                   BE                VED

Ex2: Nga was cooking the dinner at 5 p.m yesterday.

=> The dinner was being cooked by Nga at 5 p.m yesterday.

                        BE               VED

   Form

                          S  +  BE    +   VING   +  O

                          S   +  BE    +   BEING    +  V3/ED  +  BY  + O

4. Past perfect:

Ex: Tam had studied his lesson carefully before he went to bed.

          S               Ved         O

=> His lesson had been studied  carefully before he went to bed.

             S                            Ved

   Form

                 S   +  HAD  +  V3/EDO

                 S   +  HAD  +  BEEN  +  V3/ED  +  BY   +  O

5. Modal verb:

Ex: Tam can see the beach.

                       Vo

=> The beach can be seen by Tam.

                              V3/ED

 Form                   S  +  CAN  +  Vo  +  O

                            S  +  CAN  +  BE  +  V3/ED  +  BY  +  O

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